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1. "Safety Net" Fails Single Mothers During Downturns (external link)
Abstract: In the era of welfare reform, one measure of the effectiveness of economic policy is the ability of the "safety net" to protect economically vulnerable families over the course of a recession and jobless recovery. In the most recent downturn, however, the safety net failed to adequately protect one particularly vulnerable group—low-income single mothers—from income losses.
Resource Type: Article



2. 2002 Survey of Business Owners (aka Survey of Minority and Women-Owned Businesses) (external link)
Abstract: Data from national survey on minority and women-owned businesses
Resource Type: Data



3. 2004 Election Maps (external link)
Abstract: Based on 2004 Presidential Election results, this series of graphs depicts information about voting habits by county and state, highlighting both the East/Middle/West divides, as well as the closeness of most counties (depicted in purple).
Resource Type: Website



4. 2005 Fair Market Rents (external link)
Abstract: Contains data on fair market rents, sorted by number of bedrooms, for thousands of different communities across the US
Resource Type: Website



5. 2005 New York State Statistical Yearbook (external link)
Abstract: This site provides hundreds of easily searchable tables of data to download with statistics about New York State. Some topics include business, employment, criminal justice, housing, education, health, agriculture, and general demographics.
Resource Type: Website



6. 2006 Decline in SAT Scores (external link)
Abstract: From the College Board, this press release/website contains information about decreasing SAT scores in 2006. It also contains tables and data about different states, genders, races, etc.
Resource Type: Article



7. 2006 Low Income Housing Fact Sheet (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet about the housing crisis for low-income people in the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



8. 25 Fascinating Facts about Personal Debt (internal link)
Abstract: A list of 25 facts about personal debt in the US, including information such as: "The average credit card debt among all American households is $8,400."
Resource Type: Article



9. 50 State SAT Data (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



10. A Critical Examination of Financial Literacy Education (external link)
Abstract: This paper will take a critical look at the economics and industrial organization of the FLE industry through case studies of the homeownership education and counseling (HEC) and the consumer credit counseling (CCC) industries
Resource Type: Article



11. A Data Processing Lesson for Statistics about AIDS: Reading a Table or Chart (internal link)
Abstract: Students will work on describing the scope of the HIV/AIDS epidemic by extracting data from a table. They will also work to make comparisons and draw conclusions from the data. This document also contains a social studies lesson about AIDS.
Resource Type: Curriculum



12. A Graphing Activity on Growing Incarceration Rates (internal link)
Abstract: A 1-day lesson that asks students to answer questions about a Line Graph showing the exponential growth of the US Incarceration rate over the past 50 years. Math involved includes Line Graphs and Rates.
Resource Type: Curriculum



13. A Guide to Graduation Rates in NYC (internal link)
Abstract: A short guide to how graduation rates are calculated in NY, as well as data on different demographic groups and geographic areas.
Resource Type: Article



14. A HAND UP: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: How State Earned Income Tax Credits Help Working Families Escape Poverty
Resource Type: Article



15. A New Yorker's Guide to Military Recruitment in the 5 Boroughs (external link)
Abstract: A user-friendly guide for educators and activists interested in teaching about the military and military recruitment in New York.
Resource Type: Article



16. Achieving Adequacy: Tax Options for New York in the Wake of the CFE Case (external link)
Abstract: Achieving Adequacy is intended to provide a useful resource for understanding the impact of recent school finance legislation on the state’s tax and education system. The study examines options available to New York policy makers as they seek to adequately fund elementary and secondary education and other public services.
Resource Type: Article



17. ACORN (external link)
Abstract: ACORN works in more than 75 cities across the United States to improve housing conditions for the economically disadvantaged, increase community safety, secure living wages for all workers and improve the quality of local schools. The website contains information on campaigns, reports, fact sheets, and much more.
Resource Type: Website



18. Administration Tax-Cut Rhetoric and Small Businesses (external link)
Abstract: For the overwhelming majority of households with small-business income — about 99 percent of them — the reduction in the top income tax rate and the repeal of the estate tax offer no benefits at all.
Resource Type: Article



19. Affirmative Action: What Do We Know? (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines the research evidence on the benefits and costs of Affirmative Action, both for its intended beneficiaries and for society more broadly.
Resource Type: Article



20. Affordability of Postsecondary Education: Equity and Advocacy Across the 50 States (external link)
Abstract: This report examines trends related to two persistent patterns - inequality in financial access to postsecondary education for low-income students in the U.S., and disparities in financial access across states.
Resource Type: Article



21. Africa Counts: Number and Pattern and African Culture (external link)
Abstract: This fascinating study of mathematical thinking among Saharan African peoples covers counting in words and in gestures; measuring time, distance, weight, and other quantities; number systems; patterns in music, poetry, art, and architecture; number magic and taboos, and much more. African games such as mankala and elaborate versions of tic-tac-toe show how complex this thinking can be. An invaluable resource for those interested in African cultures and multiculturalism, this third edition includes an introduction covering two decades of new research in the ethnomathematics of Africa.
Resource Type: Book



22. African American Women Work More, Earn Less: New Census Data Show Economic and Educational Status of African American Women Stil (external link)
Abstract: Despite recent news stories implying the contrary, on most measures of economic status, U.S. Census Bureau data show that African American women are worse off than white women. This holds true when comparing the median earnings of white and African American full-time, full-year workers at every education level, and when comparing poverty rates and unemployment rates for the two groups.
Resource Type: Article



23. African Americans in the Current Recovery (external link)
Abstract: Recent employment reports reveal consistent increases in hiring, providing evidence that the jobless recovery is finally behind us. Yet, while many indicators have begun trending in the right direction, the labor market fortunes of African Americans continue to lag behind.
Resource Type: Article



24. African Fractals: Modern Computing and Indigenous Design (external link)
Abstract: Drawing on interviews with African designers, artists, and scientists, Ron Eglash investigates fractals in African architecture, traditional hairstyling, textiles, sculpture, painting, carving, metalwork, religion, games, practical craft, quantitative technologies, and symbolic systems. He also examines the political and social implications of the existence of African fractal geometry. His book makes a unique contribution to the study of mathematics, African culture, anthropology, and computer simulations.
Resource Type: Book



25. Ahead of the Law: Filing for Bankruptcy Before New Laws Take Place (internal link)
Resource Type: Graph



26. Aid to Poor Faces Tighter Security (internal link)
Abstract: This 2003 article begins: "President Bush's budget proposes new eligibility requirements that would make it more difficult for low-income families to obtain a range of government benefits, from tax credits to school lunches."
Resource Type: Article



27. AIDS and HIV Reports from the CDC (external link)
Abstract: This website contains reports and data about AIDS and HIV in the U.S., including data over time, rates by race and gender, geographic focuses, and much more
Resource Type: Website



28. All Choked Up by Smoking Statistics (external link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students create graphs from a table provided by the American Lung Association regarding smoking habits among high school seniors from 1976 to 1997 as a way to demonstrate understanding of how to present statistics graphically in a variety of ways.
Resource Type: Curriculum



29. Analysis of School Finances in NY State School Districts (external link)
Abstract: Information on budgets, lawsuits, and data about the fight for school funding reform in NY
Resource Type: Article



30. And Justice For Some (external link)
Abstract: This paper provides an overview of the Juvenile Justice system, looking especially at the racial disparities of the young people caught up in it.
Resource Type: Article



31. Annual Education Reports (external link)
Abstract: he Annual Reports Program prepares analyses that synthesize data on a variety of education topics, and disseminates these analyses through indicator reports, tabular reports, and web tools.
Resource Type: Website



32. AnswersLineofBestFitHW (internal link)



33. As Costs Rise in Queens, So Do Doubts About Bloomberg (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



34. Astronomical Incomes (internal link)
Abstract: This article uses a map of the United States and the distance between different cities to represent the extreme differences between the income of various people in this country.
Resource Type: Article



35. Attempting to Connect Anti-Capitalist Work with Mathematics Education: (external link)
Abstract: Pinochet’s regime measured malnutrition in relation to a person’s weight and height, in contrast to the usual comparison of weight and age. This talk will explore the connections between understanding the outrageousness of collecting such statistics, and acting to change the outrageousness of such situations
Resource Type: Article



36. Attitudes Towards Immigrants and Immigration Policy: Survey Amoung Latinos in the U.S. and Mexico (external link)
Abstract: e Pew Hispanic Center released findings from major new surveys conducted in the U.S. and Mexico on attitudes toward immigrants and immigration policy options. A survey of U.S. Latinos shows that views are not unanimous on unauthorized migrants and U.S. policy toward them. A separate survey in Mexico reveals the size of the Mexican population that is considering migration to the United States, including those inclined to come without legal status.
Resource Type: Article



37. Audio Slideshow: Foreclosures in Cleveland, Ohio (external link)
Abstract: A pictoral slideshow which includes audio commentary about a poor family who have become victims of Predatory Lending and are now forced to Foreclose on their home.
Resource Type: Website



38. Availability of Financing to Small Firms Using the Survey of Small Business Fianances (external link)
Abstract: This study investigates possible restricted access to credit for minority- and women-owned businesses by focusing on two types of credit from two types of creditors: commercial banks and nonbank lenders.
Resource Type: Article



39. Average Household Income, by Quintile (external link)
Abstract: Average Household Income, by Quintile
Resource Type: Chart



40. Banking on a Good Turn: Examining Key World Economies and Comparing their Current Volatility (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students review key economic terms and ideas necessary for understanding world economies. They then research the economies of countries in the Group of 8 and present how their economies have changed over the past five years and how the relationships among these countries affect each other in light of world events. Finally, they individually reflect on how the war with Iraq has impacted the economy of one of the Group of 8 members.
Resource Type: Curriculum



41. Banking on the Bottom (internal link)
Abstract: A very important article that explores the financial options available to poor people and those living in low-income neighborhoods. It discusses the dual problem that these neighborhoods face with a paucity of banks and an abundance of check cashers and other fringe financial institutions that exploit low income people.
Resource Type: Article



42. Basic Family Budgets Better Reveal the Hardships in America (external link)
Abstract: A basic family budget is the amount required to adequately afford a safe and decent, yet modest, standard of living. These budgets are estimated for six family types—one or two parents with one, two, or three children—in over 400 U.S. communities.
Resource Type: Article



43. Basic Family Budgets Spreadsheet (internal link)
Resource Type: Graphs/Charts



44. Basic Family Budgets: Working Families Incomes Often Fail to Meet Living Expenses Around the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: While poverty thresholds are used to evaluate the extent of serious economic deprivation in our society, family budgets—that is, the income a family needs to secure safe and decent-yet-modest living standards in the community in which it resides—offer a broader measure of economic welfare
Resource Type: Article



45. Being Black, Living in The Red (external link)
Abstract: Being Black, Living in the Red demonstrates that many differences between blacks and whites stem not from race but from economic inequalities that have accumulated over the course of American history. Property ownership--as measured by net worth--reflects this legacy of economic oppression. The racial discrepancy in wealth holdings leads to advantages for whites in the form of better schools, more desirable residences, higher wages, and more opportunities to save, invest, and thereby further their economic advantages.
Resource Type: Book



46. Benjamin Banneker Association (external link)
Abstract: The Benjamin Banneker Association is a national non-profit organization dedicated to mathematics education advocacy, establishing a presence for leadership, and professional development to support teachers in leveling the playing field for mathematics learning of the highest quality for African-American students.
Resource Type: Website



47. Between Hope and Hard Times in NYC (external link)
Abstract: This report explores the current demographics of poor people in New York City. It contains data on who these individuals and families are, as well as related documentation on education and skills training, economic development, and policies that support low-income workers.
Resource Type: Article



48. Big Rise in Profit Puts Oil Giants on Defensive (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the staggering incomes of large oil companies around the world, how it has come that they've become so profitable, and the impact this is having on other sectors of the global economy
Resource Type: Article



49. Bills, Bills, Bills: A Real-Life Math Unit (internal link)
Abstract: This unit brings teaching decimals to life by giving students the experience of paying bills and managing a checkbook. The unit also integrates literature, music, and cooperative learning, and was designed for a 6th-grade classroom.
Resource Type: Curriculum



50. Black Disenfranchisement by State in 2000 (internal link)
Resource Type: Graphs/Charts



51. Black Voter Disenfranchisement (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



52. Black Wealth/White Wealth: A New perspective on racial inequality (external link)
Abstract: The award-winning Black Wealth/White Wealth offers a powerful portrait of racial inequality based on an analysis of private wealth. Melvin Oliver and Thomas Shapiro analyze wealth--total assets and debts rather than income alone--to uncover deep and persistent racial inequality in America, and they show how public policies fail to redress the problem. Compelling and informative, Black Wealth/White Wealth is pioneering research. It is a powerful counterpoint to arguments against affirmative action and a direct challenge to our present social welfare policies.
Resource Type: Book



53. Black-Owned Businesses in the US (1997-2002) (internal link)
Abstract: A detailed chart containing data on Black-Owned businesses in the US, by state, from 1997 to 2002.
Resource Type: Chart



54. Blank Map of Brooklyn (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of Brooklyn, NY
Resource Type: Map



55. Blank Map of Manhattan (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of Manhattan, NY
Resource Type: Map



56. Blank Map of NYC (w/ Zip Codes) (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of NYC (includes zip codes)
Resource Type: Map



57. Blank Map of NYC (w/out Zip Codes) (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of NYC (no zip codes shown)
Resource Type: Map



58. Blank Map of Queens (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of Queens, NY
Resource Type: Map



59. Blank Map of the Bronx (internal link)
Abstract: Blank map of the Bronx, NY
Resource Type: Map



60. Boys are No Match for Girls in Completing High School (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on high school graduation rates by gender and race.
Resource Type: Article



61. Break The Chain (external link)
Abstract: A website about the struggle to assist domestic workers in the U.S.
Resource Type: Website



62. Bringing the World into the Math Class (external link)
Abstract: The Multicultural Math Classroom inspires cooperation, creativity, and critical thinking. This book is filled with many quality teaching ideas that will help teachers add new multicultural dimensions to their mathematics teaching.
Resource Type: Book



63. Broad Survey of Day Laborers Finds High Levels of Injuries and Pay Violations (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on a 2006 study, the first and broadest of it's kind, that looked at the lives and economic situations of day laborers across the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



64. Brooklyn Displacement Study (internal link)
Abstract: This Powerpoint Presentation identifies census tracts in Brooklyn that are most likely to experience displacement by analyzing income data from the 2000 and 1990 census'. It contains both graphs and maps to illustrate the methodology.
Resource Type: Article, Curriculum



65. Building a Community Garden and a Math Community (internal link)
Abstract: This is a geometry unit that gets students involved in community gardens to learn about the practical applications of perimeter, area, similarity, and more. Students will also develop a deeper understanding of issues including hunger and poverty.
Resource Type: Curriculum



66. Building Self-Sufficient Families: Steps to Economic Independence in the District of Columbia (external link)
Abstract: The Washington, D.C. Metropolitan Area Self-Sufficiency Standard1 measures how much income working adults in the District of Columbia and its surrounding suburbs need to meet their basic needs and those of their families.
Resource Type: Article



67. Bureau of Economic Analysis (external link)
Abstract: This government site contains current and historical data about GDP, income, corporate profits, businesses, etc.
Resource Type: Website



68. Bureau of Justice Statistics (external link)
Abstract: This government site contains both current and historical data about crime, prisons, incarceration, arrests, and much more, on both local and national levels. It includes both datasets, fact sheets, and more detailed reports.
Resource Type: Website



69. Bureau of Labor Statistics (external link)
Abstract: The BLS contains vast, up-to-date charts and statistics about all topics related to labor, finance, wages, etc, in the US. Some umbrella topics include: Inflation, Wages and Benefits, Safety & Health, Occupations, Demographics, etc.
Resource Type: Website



70. Bush Tax Cuts Effects on NY (external link)
Abstract: This issue brief summarizes the findings of several previously released CTJ analyses of the Bush tax cuts, focusing on their impact on New Yorkers at different income levels and on how New York residents are affected by the ballooning federal debt.
Resource Type: Article



71. BushApprovalGraphs (internal link)



72. Business Leaders for Sensible Priorities (external link)
Abstract: From the website: "The Priorities! Campaign is an unusual mix of citizens - from former military brass and businesspeople to religious leaders and ordinary citizens - who believe America can have a more humane government. We aim to create a political culture, grounded in spiritual and human values, that will not tolerate wasting billions of dollars on nuclear weapons, Star Wars, or other outmoded weapons, while, for example, one out of every six of our own kids live in poverty and millions of children worldwide die each year from hunger-related illnesses."
Resource Type: Website



73. Buying Blue - Good Companies to Buy From (external link)
Abstract: BuyBlue.org supports businesses that share their progressive values and ideals. They believe in a triple bottom line: people, planet and profit. The site contains easily accessible information on hundreds of large companies highlighting both their positive & negative policies towards workers, the environment, etc.
Resource Type: Website



74. Calculating Family Budgets (external link)
Abstract: The items that are included in the basic family budgets represent the necessary components for a family to adequately meet its needs: housing, food, child care, transportation, health care, other necessities, and taxes.
Resource Type: Article



75. Campaign for a Tobacco-Free Kids (external link)
Abstract: The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids is fighting to free America's youth from tobacco and to create a healthier environment. The website contains data sets, maps, reports, updated data links, and other useful information about preventing teen smoking.
Resource Type: Website



76. Can Financial Literacy Enhance Asset Building? (external link)
Abstract: Even when incentives to save and invest are strong, many low- and moderate-income families lack the basic knowledge to manage their income wisely, build wealth, and avoid excessive debt. This brief examines financial literacy research and programs to improve financial knowledge and decision-making. While research suggests that existing programs do make a difference in financial behavior, data collection and policy concerns make financial literacy a fertile ground for further development as part of an asset-building agenda.
Resource Type: Article



77. Car Title Lending: Driving Borrowers to Financial Ruin (external link)
Abstract: RL and CFA issued a first report on the car title pawn/loan industry, titled “Car Title Lending: Driving Borrowers to Financial Ruin,” which describes the title loan product and industry, illustrates predatory aspects of these over-secured small loans, and makes recommendations for stronger protections for borrowers.
Resource Type: Article



78. CBO Estimates of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: All Households (external link)
Abstract: CBO Estimates of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: All Households
Resource Type: Chart



79. CBO Estimates of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: Households with Childre (external link)
Abstract: CBO Estimates of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: Households with Childre
Resource Type: Chart



80. CBO Estimates of Distribution of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: All Households (external link)
Abstract: CBO Estimates of Distribution of Comprehensive After-Tax Income: All Households
Resource Type: Chart



81. Census Maps (external link)
Abstract: This is the Census Bureau's Mapping page. You can have the computer make maps based on current census data for many types of geographic and spatial perameters.
Resource Type: Website



82. Center for Popular Economics (external link)
Abstract: CPE is a non-profit organization that teaches economic literacy to activists for progressive social change. The website contains data and research, as well as an events calendar and information about summer retreats and workshops.
Resource Type: Website



83. Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (external link)
Abstract: The Center conducts research and analysis to inform public debates over proposed budget and tax policies and to help ensure that the needs of low-income families and individuals are considered in these debates. They also develop policy options to alleviate poverty, particularly among working families.
Resource Type: Website



84. Challenges in the Mathematics Education of African American Children: Proceedings of the Benjamin Banneker Association Leadershi (external link)
Abstract: Packed with insights and ideas from the 1997 Benjamin Banneker Association Leadership Conference, these proceedings are an excellent resource for formulating and obtaining real-life lesson plans based on expert recommendations. The conference, which focused on three strands–teaching and learning, policy, and professional development, showed progressive new solutions to the challenges of teaching mathematics to African American children.



85. Chance of A Lifetime: Disconnected Youth and Job Opportunities in NYC (external link)
Abstract: This report details the growing issues of disconnected youth in NYC, and shows how they could be an important group to fill the shoes of retiring baby boomers in dozens of important city industries.
Resource Type: Article



86. Changing The Faces of Mathematics – Perspectives on African Americans (external link)
Abstract: African American students have not been given commensurate opportunities to succeed in mathematics education. This critical look at successful and unsuccessful teaching practices related to African American students explores the perspectives of these students, specific instructional techniques, integrating culture into the classroom, and where to go from here. Case studies describe efforts that have proved successful and offer suggestions for other institutions to implement.
Resource Type: Book



87. Changing The Faces of Mathematics – Perspectives on Latinos (external link)
Abstract: The first publication of its kind, this book was published by a professional mathematics association that focuses exclusively on Latinos and it was written by Latinos. It presents articles in five parts: socioeducational issues, language issues, teaching-learning aids, staff development, and intervention programs.
Resource Type: Book



88. Cheaters Monopoly (internal link)
Abstract: A satirical article that discusses how the game of Monopoly could be recreated with new rules based on oppression of people of color and Native Americans by white people.
Resource Type: Article



89. Chess and Origami (external link)
Abstract: This article describes how to make a chess set out of paper using Origami folds. Amazing.
Resource Type: Article



90. Child Living Arrangements by Race and Income: A Supplementary Analysis (external link)
Abstract: This supplementary analysis to the study "Declining Share of Children Lived with Single Mothers in the Late 1990s," employs an alternative methodology to provide a clearer picture of changes in living arrangements within different income groups. It also briefly discusses possible explanations for those changes.
Resource Type: Article



91. Child Poverty Among Racial Minorities (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines the effects of changing family structures on child poverty rates. The article finds that child poverty rates declined in the 1990's, and presents some interesting arguments for why this has happened.
Resource Type: Article



92. Choosing the High Road: Businesses that Pay a Living Wage and Prosper (external link)
Abstract: For wealthy Americans, the economic miracle of the ’90s represented a dream-come-true. For tens of millions of others, it represented a dream shattered. It doesn’t have to be this way. This report shows why paying a living wage to all employees is good for business, as well as workers and communities.
Resource Type: Article



93. Citizens for Tax Justice (external link)
Abstract: CTJ is a public interest research and advocacy organization focusing on the impact of tax policies on our nation. Against the armies of special interest lobbyists for corporations and the wealthy, CTJ fights for fair taxes for middle and low-income families, closing corporate tax loopholes, adequately funding important government services, etc.
Resource Type: Website



94. College, Jobs, or the Military? Enlistment During a Time of War (internal link)
Abstract: This article questions what factors are associated with joining the military after high school rather than attending college, getting ajob, or doing some other activity. Three areas of influence are highlighted: educational goals, the presence of the military in ones community, and race and socioeconomic status.
Resource Type: Article



95. ColorLines Magazine - Article Archive (external link)
Abstract: ColorLines is the first national, multi-racial magazine devoted to covering the politics and creations of communities of color. This site contains archives to all previously published articles, many of which deal with racial & financial issues.
Resource Type: Website



96. Community Development in Dynamic Neighborhoods: Synchronizing Services and Strategies with Immigrant Communities (external link)
Abstract: Through a review of current research and interviews with leading experts and practitioners of community development organizations, private lenders and governmental agencies, this analysis explores (1) the importance of immigrants in community development, (2) the response of community development organizations to recent demographic shifts, and (3) the challenges and opportunities practitioners face when connecting immigrants to their communities.
Resource Type: Article



97. Community Mapping Assistance Project (CMAP) (external link)
Abstract: This website helps activists and social-justice organizations design maps to both learn more about their communities, and for presenting information to others. There are examples of maps they've made, useful tips to making your own maps, and information about how to partner with them.
Resource Type: Website



98. Community Mapping: An Overview (external link)
Abstract: This website/article presents a very useful overview of how to use mapping to help with community revitilization.
Resource Type: Article



99. Community Mapping: Using Geographic Data for Neighborhood Revitilization (external link)
Abstract: This article covers how to use maps to help with community organizing and revitilization campaigns. It contains lots of examples, as well as detailed steps to take when creating such maps.



100. Community Voices Heard - Student Guide (internal link)
Abstract: A semester-long unit about conducting and analyzing community surveys. Students learn about randomization, sampling, and different techniques for data analysis. Can be adapted for any grade, 6 - 12.
Resource Type: Curriculum



101. Community Voices Heard - Teacherss Guide (internal link)
Abstract: A semester-long unit about conducting and analyzing community surveys. Students learn about randomization, sampling, and different techniques for data analysis. Can be adapted for any grade, 6 - 12.
Resource Type: Curriculum



102. Comparing and Understanding the Casualties in Iraq During a 1-year Period (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



103. Comparing Data on Poverty, Health, and Education in Brooklyn (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



104. Comparing Data on Poverty, Health, and Education in the Bronx (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



105. Comparing Disparities in Race-Based Incarceration Rates (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



106. Comparing Minimum Wage Proposals (external link)
Abstract: Despite its importance and popularity, lawmakers have not made raising the minimum wage a priority and have let its purchasing power fall every year since 1997.
Resource Type: Article



107. Confronting Confinement: A Report of the Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons (external link)
Abstract: The Commission on Safety and Abuse in America's Prisons held public hearings and met for over a year. This is there official report which looks at the conditions in confinement (violence, health care, etc)., as well as a lot of data, and recommendations for changes that need to be made.
Resource Type: Article



108. Connecting Community, Critical, and Classical Knowledge in Teaching Mathematics for Social Justice (internal link)
Abstract: In this article, Gutstein describes conceptually, and gives an example of, an aspect of teaching mathematics for Social Justice - teachers' attempts to connect three forms of knowledge: community, critical, and classical.
Resource Type: Article



109. Contacts Between Police and the Public (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



110. Corporate Income Taxes in the Bush Years (external link)
Abstract: This study details which companies have benefitted the most from the decline in corporate taxes over the past three years, and which have been less fortunate. It also measures the effects of loopholes in our corporate tax laws that predated the George W. Bush administration.
Resource Type: Article



111. Credit Card Nation (external link)
Abstract: A progressive, user-friendly website about overspending, debt, and credit cards in the US. Contains some fun online quizzes, data and research, and other useful information.
Resource Type: Website



112. Credit Cards: Teaching Students About the Plastic Peril (internal link)
Abstract: This multi-day unit helps students to understand how Credit Cards work, focusing largely on the issue of debt in the U.S. Math involved includes percents, compound interest, quadratic equations, exponents, and more.
Resource Type: Curriculum



113. Credit Matters: Low-Income Asset Building Challenges in a Dual Financial Service System (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines the nexus between the utilization of basic financial services, ownership of a transaction account, the creation and use of credit records, homeownership, and management of mortgage repayment risks.
Resource Type: Article



114. Credit Unions vs. Banks (external link)
Abstract: This 1-sheet can be used in a classroom to help students understand the key differences between Credit Unions and Banks.
Resource Type: Curriculum



115. Creditors' Role in Counseling Draws Critics (internal link)
Abstract: This investigative article looked at the ways in which Credit Counseling agencies often give bad advice to people, thus plunging them deeper into debt and the cycle of poverty.
Resource Type: Article



116. Critique of "Rethinking Mathematics" - OpEd (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



117. Culturally Relevant Mathematics Teaching in a Mexican American Context (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines mathematics instruction and its intersection with culturally relevant teaching in an elementary school in a Mexican American community. Based on a collaborative study, the paper proposes a three-part model for culturally relevant instruction.
Resource Type: Article



118. Culturally Situated Design Tools - African Fractals, Cornrows, Graffiti, Pyramids, Latin Percussion (external link)
Abstract: Nearly a dozen online software programs that help students learn standards-based mathematics as well as learn about different cultures and arts, including Latino percussion, graffiti, African-American cornrows, Navajo rug weaving, etc.
Resource Type: Website



119. Current Unemployment Statistics (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the most recent data on employment/unemployment in the US
Resource Type: Website



120. Data on Higher Education (external link)
Abstract: This website contains data, reports, maps, graphs, and other useful information about college students. It also looks at issues of retention and graduation rates by state, race, gender, etc.
Resource Type: Website



121. Data on Income Growth from Government Tax Return Records (internal link)
Abstract: This document contains a dozen different charts that look at income growth in the US over the past century, as well as current income levels and percentiles. It also looks at who (the wealthy) have benefited the most from recent tax cuts.
Resource Type: Chart



122. Data on Minority-Owned Businesses (external link)
Abstract: Data on minority-owned businesses, including overview and results of national surveys from the Small Business Association
Resource Type: Data



123. Data on Poverty and Income (external link)
Abstract: Extensive data on poverty and income in the United States from as early as 1955
Resource Type: Website



124. Data on the Health of New Yorkers (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



125. Day Labor in New York: Findings from the NYDL Survey (external link)
Abstract: This report examines data from the NY Day Laborer Syrvey. It asks and attempts to answer 6 questions: Who are day laborers? What are the earnings of Day Laborers? What do they do? Why do day labor? Who hires them? Are they abused?
Resource Type: Article



126. Death on the Job: The Toll of Neglect (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at workplace injuries and deaths over time and in recent years, and contains data on different races, jobs, and states.
Resource Type: Article



127. Death Penalty Information Center (external link)
Abstract: This site contains a tremendous amount of information on the Death Penalty in the US, and includes publications, fact sheets, data sets, and links to other useful resources.
Resource Type: Website



128. Debt Reseach (external link)
Abstract: This is a one-stop resource for information on the debt crisis in America and its impact on economic security. The site covers a range of issues from credit cards to payday loans to predatory mortgage lending. It contains data, research papers, and more.
Resource Type: Website



129. Debtors Throng to Bankruptcy as Clock Ticks (internal link)
Abstract: This article was published just before the Bankruptcy laws in the U.S. changed drastically, and looked at different people and their reasons for filing for bankruptcy before the changes went into effect.
Resource Type: Article



130. Deciding Who’s Poor (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at the bad old (but still used) way of counting the poor, and contrast it with some of the new ways that have been proposed.
Resource Type: Article



131. Demographic Trends in the 20th Century (external link)
Abstract: This thoroughly researched paper was published by the US Census Bureau, and contains both written analysis as well as data on demographic trends in the US over the past 100 years.
Resource Type: Article



132. DEMOS: A Network for Ideas and Action (external link)
Abstract: This website contains research and reports on creating a truly democratic society - one which requires eliminating economic inequality, voter disenfranchisement, enormous consumer debt, etc.
Resource Type: Website



133. Deportation Statistics, 2004 and Historical (external link)
Abstract: Run by the Department of Homeland Security, this website contains 44 charts on deportations over the past century.
Resource Type: Chart



134. Description of Ethnomathematics (external link)
Abstract: Brief overview of Ethnomathematics, and links to useful websites
Resource Type: Website



135. Did Falling Wages and Employment Increase US Imprisonment? (internal link)
Abstract: This paper studies the effects of wages and employment on men's prison admission rates in the US from 1983 to 2001. It finds that there is a significant increased in educational inequality amongst incarcerated men, and regression analysis also demonstrates the negative efects of wages and employment on black men's incarceration.
Resource Type: Article



136. Dining Out, Dining Healthy: The Link Between Public Health and Working Conditions in NYC Restaurants (external link)
Abstract: This report documents the terrible conditions that many restaurant workers in NY are forced to endure, and the impact that this has on public health and the health of restaurant patrons.
Resource Type: Article



137. Diplomas Count: An Essential Guide to Graduation Policy and Rates (external link)
Abstract: This page features reports and data on all 50 states about graduation rates and trends. It also contains reports on the financial impact of graduating from High School, data sets, and maps.
Resource Type: Website



138. Discrimination in Education Financing (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at the discrimination in education funding within African American communities. It discusses various causes for the lack of financial support, as well as remedies for this problem.
Resource Type: Article



139. Distribution of Aggregate Household Income, by Quintile (external link)
Abstract: Distribution of Aggregate Household Income, by Quintile
Resource Type: Chart



140. Do Fat Cats Pay Lower Tax Rates than Workers? (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how the federal tax code has become so skewed in favor of investors over workers that personal taxes on earnings are now two-and-a-half times greater than personal taxes on investment income.
Resource Type: Article



141. Do Higher Minimum Wages Harm Minority and Inner-City Teens? (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the impact that raising the minimum wage would have on teenage workers who make up 27.3% of those who would be most affected by an increase.
Resource Type: Article



142. Do The Math: Can Playing Games Teach Kids about Numbers? Leaders of the Young Peoples Project Bet it Can. (internal link)
Abstract: This is an article about the Young People's Project, part of the Mississippi branch of the Algebra Project, and the success they have had at motivating young kids to learn and enjoy math.
Resource Type: Article



143. Dollars and Sense (external link)
Abstract: Dollars & Sense magazine provides left perspectives on economic affairs. The website contains a searchable database on hundreds of articles published over the past 30 years.
Resource Type: Website



144. Domestic Workers United (external link)
Abstract: This is the website for a group that is organizing and advocating on behalf of domestic workers.
Resource Type: Website



145. Doubly Divided: The Racial Wealth Gap (external link)
Abstract: African Americans and other minorities hold far less wealth than whites. But why should the wealth gap be so large, greater even than the racial income gap? It turns out that government has played a central role. Throughout U.S. history, countless specific laws, policies, rules, and court decisions have made it more difficult for nonwhites to build wealth, and transferred wealth they did own to whites.
Resource Type: Article



146. Driving While Black: Racial Profiling on our Nations Highways (external link)
Abstract: A short paper from the ACLU about the prevalence of racial profiling of drivers, some of the legal/policy issues behind this issue, as well as stories and examples of where and why this problem occurs
Resource Type: Article



147. Dropout Rates by Family Income, 1972 - 2001 (internal link)
Abstract: Data on dropout rates for low, middle, and high-income students between 1972 - 2001
Resource Type: Chart



148. Dropout Rates for 16 - 24 year-olds by Race and Ethnicity, 1972 - 2002 (internal link)
Abstract: This chart summarizes data on dropout rates for 16 - 24 year-olds between 1972-2002, and contains data for overall rates as well as those for Black, White, and Hispanic students
Resource Type: Chart



149. Economic and Analysis Research Center (EARN) (external link)
Abstract: The Economic Analysis and Research Network (EARN) links groups that conduct and disseminate research, develop policy and advocate on a range of issues, including wages and benefits, incomes, jobs, unemployment, workforce and economic development, minimum and living wages, Social Security, education, tax and budget, and health care.
Resource Type: Website



150. Economic Justice Maps (external link)
Abstract: A series of maps related to economic justice topics, specific to New York City, including maps on banking in poor communities, banking opportunities for immigrants, subprime lenders, check cashers, etc.
Resource Type: Website



151. Economic Policy Institute (external link)
Abstract: The Economic Policy Institute is a nonprofit, nonpartisan think tank that seeks to broaden the public debate about strategies to achieve a prosperous and fair economy. This website contains an enormous supply of easily digestible datasheets, reports, and editorials that are in support of low-wage workers, the rights of women, minorities, and the elderly, and much more. EPI is a terrific resource.
Resource Type: Website



152. Education and Employment Status, by Race: 1970 - 2003 (internal link)
Abstract: Data on educational attainment and employment status in the US by youth of different races over the past 30+ years
Resource Type: Chart



153. Education for Critical Consciousness (external link)
Abstract: No description available
Resource Type: Book



154. Education Pays 2005 Update (internal link)
Abstract: From the college board, this 12 page report analyzes the relationship between higher education and things like income, voting participation, health, and education of other family members and children.
Resource Type: Article, Data



155. Education Pays: The Benefits of Higher Education for Individuals and Society (external link)
Abstract: An updated report from the Census Bureau about the advantages to having a higher education. The report looks at factors such as income and benefits.
Resource Type: Article



156. Educational Attainment, 1970 - 2003 by Gender and Race (College) (internal link)
Abstract: This chart contains data from 1970 - 2003 about the rates of obtaining a college degree by gender and race
Resource Type: Chart



157. Educational Attainment, 1970 - 2003 by Gender and Race (Graduate School) (internal link)
Abstract: This chart contains data from 1970 - 2003 about the rates of obtaining a Graduate School degree by gender and race
Resource Type: Chart



158. Educational Attainment, 1970 - 2003 by Gender and Race (High School) (internal link)
Abstract: This chart contains data from 1970 - 2003 about the rates of obtaining a highschool degree by gender and race
Resource Type: Chart



159. Educators for Social Responsibility (external link)
Abstract: ESR Metro (Educators for Social Responsibility Metropolitan Area), a non-profit organization, works in public schools and community organizations throughout New York City to help teachers, youngsters, parents, and youth activists build skills, knowledge and community. Their website contains info about the organization, their work, and an archive of lesson plans
Resource Type: Website



160. Effects of High School Exit Exams on Dropout Rates (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Education Policy convened a panel in March 2003 to discuss the most recent research on the possible link between high school exit exams and dropouts. This piece summarizes that day's discussion and includes recommendations for a research agenda and steps states should take to better understand this phenomenon.
Resource Type: Article



161. EITC Brochure and Information (internal link)
Resource Type: Pamphlet



162. Elderly Persons (Age 65 or Older) in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Elderly Persons (Age 65 or Older) in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



163. Eliminating Credit Barriers to Increase Homeownership: How Far Can We Go? (external link)
Abstract: Using data from the 1998 Survey of Consumer Finances (SCF), this paper estimates homeownership rates that would prevail in the United States if borrowing constraints were eliminated.
Resource Type: Article



164. Employment Rates for Single Mothers Fell Substantially During Recent Period of Labor Market Weakness (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at employment trends for single mothers since the 1990's
Resource Type: Article



165. Employment Status of the Civilian Population by Race, Sex, and Age (external link)
Abstract: Up-to-date information on the employment status of all people in the US, sorted by race, sex, and age
Resource Type: Chart



166. Entreprenuerial Community Development: Exploring Social Enterprises and Strategic Alliances for Community Development Entitites (external link)
Abstract: This paper examines social entrepreneurship from a community-development perspective. The target audience is community-development nonprofit organizations. The paper presents key findings regarding both earned-income activities and strategic alliances as options for these organizations, as well as 10 key issues that arose as factors that impact their successful implementation
Resource Type: Article



167. Entreprenuership Programs that Reach Minority Youth (external link)
Abstract: Youth entreprenuership programs have blossomed in the US since the mid-1980's. This report looks at 30 examples of such programs and evaluates their work, successes, and ongoing challenges.
Resource Type: Article



168. Envirofacts Data Warehouse (external link)
Abstract: This is the EPA's website that contains data about a range of environmental issues including pollution, air quality, facilities, etc. It contains easy-to-find information by city, state, and zip code, as well as mapping capabilities.
Resource Type: Website



169. Equity in Mathematics Education (external link)
Abstract: From the Introduction: "Research and intervention over the past three decades have greatly increased our understanding of the relationship between gender and participation in mathematics education..."
Resource Type: Book



170. Essential Facts About the Victims of Hurricane Katrina (external link)
Abstract: This paper provides essential facts about victims of Hurricane Katrina, highlighting the difficult conditions most victims faced long before the storm even arrived
Resource Type: Article



171. Ethnomathematics Digital Library (external link)
Abstract: With close to 700 items in their collection and a search engine, this site contains a great deal of useful information about ethnomathematics including definitions and history, lesson plans, and discussions.
Resource Type: Website



172. Ethnomathematics Websites (external link)
Abstract: Links to a variety of websites, many of which deal with multicultural mathematics theory and ethnomathematics.
Resource Type: Website



173. Ethnomathematics. A Multicultural View of Mathematical Ideas (external link)
Abstract: The primary cultures investigated are the Inuit, Navajo, and Iroquois of North America; the Incas, the Malejula, Warlpiri, Maori, and Caroline Islanders of the Pacific; and the Tshokwe, Bushoong, and Kpelle of Africa. Since the vast majority of potential readers have never heard of most of these cultures, reading the book has value as a simple exercise in horizon expanding. In all cases the level of mathematics is not deep, but some exposure to the particular concept is essential.
Resource Type: Book



174. Ethnomathematics: Challenging Eurocentrism in Mathematics Education (external link)
Abstract: his collection brings together classic, previously-published articles and new research to present the emerging field of ethnomathematics from a critical perspective, challenging particular ways in which Eurocentrism permeates mathematics education. The book offers a diversity of ethnomathematics perspectives that develop both theoretical and practical issues from various disciplines including mathematics, mathematics education, history, anthropology, cognitive psychology, feminist studies, and African studies written by authors from Brazil, England, Australia, Mozambique, Palestine, Belgium, and the United States.
Resource Type: Book



175. Events that Trigger Poverty Entries and Exits (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines how events - such as changes in household composition, employment status, disability status, and economic conditions - affect poverty entries and exits.
Resource Type: Article



176. Every Door Closed: Barriers Facing Parents with Criminal Records (external link)
Abstract: Each year, approximately 400,000 mothers and fathers finish serving prison sentences. As they struggle to make s fresh start, many face a barrage of problems and barriers. This set of fact sheets details the scope of the challenges that these families face.
Resource Type: Article



177. Evidence from 2000 Census About Earnings by Detailed Occupation for Men and Women (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the distribution of earning by occupation for all workers and seperately for men and women. Earnings includes wages, salaries, and self employment.
Resource Type: Article



178. Excelencia in Education (external link)
Abstract: Excelencia in Education is an organization dedicated to Latinos in Higher Education. Their website contains data and research on this topic, including studies about demographics and degree attainment, as well as policy positions about increasing college graduation rates for Latinos.
Resource Type: Website



179. Facts on Women Business Owners (external link)
Abstract: Data and graphs on women business owners, including information about businesses owned by women of color
Resource Type: Graph



180. FactSheet: AIDS and HIV in the US (internal link)
Abstract: Compiled from by the World Health Organization, this brief fact sheet highlights data about HIV and AIDS in the US, including number of cases and growth rates in different communities and parts of the country.
Resource Type: Article



181. Factsheet: Crime, Race, and Juvenile Justice Policy in Perspective (external link)
Abstract: An overview of facts and data about the Juvenile Justice System, including the demographics of youth in the system and the widespread racial disparities between them and the general population
Resource Type: Website



182. Fast Food Maps (external link)
Abstract: This "Google Mash-up" website allows you to map fast food restaurants anywhere in the US
Resource Type: Website



183. Federal Regulation of Credit: The Cause or the Cure for Predatory Lending (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how, since the 1980's, developments on the federal level have been a significant – if not the primary – cause for the escalation of the predatory lending problem which is steam rolling through communities across America.
Resource Type: Article



184. FedStats (external link)
Abstract: The gateway to statistics from over 100 US Federal Agencies
Resource Type: Website



185. Female Offenders in the Juvenile Justice System (external link)
Abstract: A statistics summary of patterns in the arrest, judicial management, and correctional placement of female offenders. Citing data from diverse sources, the study finds that females are entering the juvenile justice system more frequently and at younger ages.
Resource Type: Article



186. Female-Headed Families with Children in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Female-Headed Families with Children in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



187. Feminist Economics (external link)
Abstract: Feminist economics critically analyzes both economic theory and economic life through the lens of gender and advocates various forms of feminist economic transformation. This course explores this new, exciting, and self-consciously political and transformative field.
Resource Type: Syllabus



188. Fighting Poverty in New York (external link)
Abstract: Several short editorials on the causes of and solutions to issues of Poverty in NYC
Resource Type: Article



189. Fighting Poverty in Queens (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



190. Financial Education in Latino Communities: An Analysis of Programs, Products and Results/Effects (internal link)
Abstract: This report finds that the US financial industry has failed to connect with Hispanics and many low-income families via financial education products and services, and explores the impact that this has on such communities
Resource Type: Article



191. Financial Literacy Stats (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



192. Financial Literacy Survey (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



193. Financial Literacy Survey Answers (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



194. Fiscal Policy Institute (external link)
Abstract: The Fiscal Policy Institute (FPI) is a nonpartisan research and education organization that focuses on the broad range of tax, budget, economic and related public policy issues that affect the quality of life and the economic well-being of New York State residents. The site contains research, policy papers, data on NY state, and more.
Resource Type: Website



195. For Blacks, A Dream in Decline (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the sad story of job loss in African American communities, including loss of low-skilled and unionized jobs.
Resource Type: Article



196. Foreign Born Population in the United States (external link)
Abstract: A map, by county, of the percent of foreign-born people there are in the United States
Resource Type: Map



197. Foreign Exchange: Investigating the Economy of Foreign Nations (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students share ideas about the values of foreign currencies relative to the U.S. dollar. They then research the economy of a foreign country and prepare an appropriate budget for one month study abroad. They synthesize their learning by reflecting on what life would be like if they were to live on $100 a week in a foreign country.
Resource Type: Curriculum



198. Free Tax Preparation Locations (internal link)
Resource Type: Pamphlet



199. FREE TRADE SLAVES (external link)
Abstract: This film discusses free trade zones and the problems they have wrought in human terms. Filmed on location in Sri Lanka, El Salvador, Mexico, and Morocco, it exposes companies that pay little in taxes; exploit cheap labor, especially women; and reap significant profits by selling the products at high prices in other parts of the world.
Resource Type: Film



200. From Sweatshops to HipHop: Once Ignored by Fashion, Youth of Color Become the Focus of its Marketing (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



201. From Unbanked to Homeowner: Improving the Supply of Financial Services for Low-Income, Low-Asset Customers (external link)
Abstract: At least 10 million American households - disproportionately poor, minority, lower income and young are unbanked. This paper explores five factors that have contributed to narrowing the gap.
Resource Type: Article



202. Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy (external link)
Abstract: The Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy is the leading academic research center in New York City devoted to the public policy aspects of real estate, land use and housing development.
Resource Type: Website



203. Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Homeless Youth (internal link)
Abstract: Through a comprehensive review of available academic research and professional literature, this report looks at why so many GLBT youth become and stay homeless, and looks at their experiences in the shelter system as well as critical problems affecting them including mental health issues, substance abuse and risky sexual behavior.
Resource Type: Data, Article



204. Gender Differences in Pay (internal link)
Abstract: This article considers the gender pay ga in the US. While there have been important gains over the past 25 years, the article examines other significant remaining gender differences.
Resource Type: Article



205. George Bush Doesn’t Care About Black People (internal link)



206. Getting Ahead: A Survey of Low-Wage Workers (external link)
Abstract: This survey was designed to explore the opinions and experiences of low-wage workers regarding career advancement, opportunities for education and job training, and job search resources, with a focus on awareness of, interest in, and usage of public resources.
Resource Type: Article



207. Getting Ahead: New Approaches to Generating Jobs and Opportunities for Residents of Low Income Communities (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at how many low income community organizations are trying new strategies to increase the number of good jobs in their region’s economies and connect low income residents to these jobs
Resource Type: Article



208. Global Child Poverty (external link)
Abstract: A PowerPoint Presentation on the status of global child poverty. It looks at things like mortality rates, compares wealthy/poor countries, and discusses various commitments (and failures) that different nations have made to eradicate this problem.
Resource Type: Article



209. Global Health Indicators (external link)
Abstract: The Core Health Indicators from the World Health Report include essential health indicators to quantitatively characterize the health situation of the 192 Member States for the period 1998-2004. With this query system, you can construct tables for any combination of countries, indicators and years.
Resource Type: Website



210. Good for the 'Hood? Walmart and Communities of Color (external link)
Abstract: Wal-Mart is touting not just lower prices but racial equity in its push for expansion into poor, urban communities.
Resource Type: Article



211. Graffiti Graphing (external link)
Abstract: Several similar units that utilize an online simulation of learning about graphing, angles, rotation, and other geometric concepts through creating computerized "graffiti" letters.
Resource Type: Curriculum



212. Graph of HIV Rates vs. Income, Worldwide (by Country) (internal link)
Abstract: A Scatterplot graph comparing HIV prevalance rates and Gross National Income (per capita) for over 100 countries around the world.
Resource Type: Map



213. Grassroots Economic Organizing (external link)
Abstract: GEO (Grassroots Economic Organizing) Newsletter is a bimonthly publication that reports on worker cooperatives and community-based economies in the U.S. and World wide, and their development through local cooperative action. GEO covers crucial issues such as creating solid jobs for everyone, revitalizing communities that face economic and ecological decay, and combining diverse community, labor and environmental priorities.
Resource Type: Website



214. Gulf Families' Recovery at Risk (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the problems with Bush cutting the Davis-Bacon act after Hurricane Katrina
Resource Type: Article



215. Gunshots by the Numbers: Examining and Presenting Statistics about the Dangers of Guns in Homes (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students convert statistics about gun injuries into visual presentations, then use these as the basis for a poster campaign to teach children about the dangers of guns in homes.
Resource Type: Curriculum



216. Hardships are Widespread Among Families in Poverty (external link)
Abstract: This report summarizes recent government findings on the conditions of people living in poverty
Resource Type: Article



217. Health Disparities in New York City, 2004 (internal link)
Abstract: This comprehensive report on a 2004 city-wide survey provides data on health issues for New Yorkers including: life expectancy, cause of death, smoking, drugs and alcohol, health insurance, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, etc. The report also compares rates for different races, economic classes, and geographic areas within the city.
Resource Type: Article



218. Health in the United States, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: The chartbook assesses the Nation’s health by presenting trends and current information on selected determinants and measures of health status and utilization of health care. Determinants of health considered in the chartbook include demographic factors, poverty, health insurance coverage, and health behaviors and risk factors, including obesity, cigarette smoking, and physical activity.
Resource Type: Article



219. Health Insurance Coverage (external link)
Abstract: Health Insurance Coverage
Resource Type: Chart



220. Health Insurance Coverage in the US (external link)
Abstract: Overview of Health Insurance Coverage throughout the US based on Current Population Survey data. Includes both written highlights as well as simple charts & graphs.
Resource Type: Table/Chart



221. Health Insurance Coverage in the US from 1987 - 2004 (external link)
Abstract: Summary statistics about people with/without health insurance (both government and private) in the US between 1987 - 2004.
Resource Type: Chart



222. Health Insurance of Persons Aged 18-64, by Work Experience (external link)
Abstract: Health Insurance of Persons Aged 18-64, by Work Experience
Resource Type: Chart



223. Health Insurance of Persons, by Region (external link)
Abstract: Health Insurance of Persons, by Region
Resource Type: Chart



224. HeightGraph (internal link)



225. Here Illigally, Working Hard Paying Taxes (internal link)
Abstract: The article reports on undocumented immigrants who are paying taxes, and works to counter the argument that these immigrants are a financial burden on the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



226. High Cost of Credit: Disparities of High-Cost Loans to Minorities (external link)
Abstract: This article and website contain a report, maps, and data on the disparity of high-cost loans to minorities throughout the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



227. Higher Minimum Wage Most Helps Low-Earning Households (external link)
Abstract: This article describes the difference it does/would make for low income households when the minimum wage is raised
Resource Type: Article



228. Hispanic-Owned Businesses in the US (1997-2002) (internal link)
Abstract: A detailed chart containing data on Hispanic-Owned businesses in the US, by state, from 1997 to 2002.
Resource Type: Chart



229. Hispanics' Large Stake in the Social Security Debate (external link)
Abstract: This article discusses the large investment Hispanics have in the future of social security, despite conservative arguments of the contrary
Resource Type: Article



230. Historic Health Insurance Tables (external link)
Abstract: This US Census Bureau page contains 8 different spreadsheets to download about health insurance coverage in the US from the mid 1990's to the present. Tables include data sorted by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin.
Resource Type: Website



231. Historical Census Statistics on Population by Race (1790-1990) for the US, Regions, Divisions, and States (external link)
Abstract: This Census Bureau page contains dozens of spreadsheets that can be downloaded, which contain data on the total population of different races, sortable by multiple geographic perameters.
Resource Type: Website



232. Hitting the 9 Million Mark (external link)
Abstract: Some experts predict there will be 9 million New Yorkers by 2030. But are such forecasts reasonable? This article explores the numbers.
Resource Type: Article



233. Hitting the Wall: Credit as an Impediment to Homeownership (external link)
Abstract: This paper focuses on one such barrier to home ownership – poor credit quality – and analyzes trends in credit quality for the overall population and demographic subgroups in the United States, focusing on estimated credit quality among renters in comparison to owners.
Resource Type: Article



234. HIV and AIDS Fact Sheet for African Americans (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the status of HIV and AIDS in Black and African-American communities as of Feb 2006
Resource Type: Article



235. Home Buying While Brown or Black (external link)
Abstract: An article about exploring the issue of racism in home-buying and discrimination in lending practices to homeowners of color.
Resource Type: Article



236. Home Sweet Home: Why America Needs a National Housing Trust Fund (external link)
Abstract: This paper shows that owning an affordable home or even finding a safe and affordable rental unit is financially unattainable for nearly half of Americans and makes an argument for why a housing trust fund would help.
Resource Type: Article



237. Household Income Inequality: Selected Percentiles (external link)
Abstract: Household Income Inequality: Selected Percentiles
Resource Type: Chart



238. Housing Costs Change List of Top Areas for Poverty (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on new findings that adjust the poverty line to reflect housing costs, and find that New York, California, and Washington, DC have highest percentage of people living in poverty.
Resource Type: Article



239. Housing Policy (external link)
Abstract: The Center works with state and local housing agencies and advocates to ensure that federal housing subsidies are directed to the families most in need. The Center’s housing work focuses primarily on the housing voucher program and on the intersection of housing and welfare policy. The website contains reports, data, links, studies, and more.
Resource Type: Website



240. How Class Works: An Interactive Exploration (external link)
Abstract: From the NY Times' "Class Matters" section, this interactive, multimedia website is divided into four very user-friendly topics: Components of Class, How Class Breaks Down, Income Mobility, and A Nationwide Poll.
Resource Type: Website



241. How Debit Cards Can Burn a Hole in Students Pockets (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins: "To avoid sending their children off to college with a financial time bomb -- a credit card -- in their pockets, many parents have begun telling them to carry a debit card instead. But though its pitfalls are not as well known, this substitute can be just as dangerous to a student's finances and credit rating."
Resource Type: Article



242. How did Latinos Really Vote in 2004? (internal link)
Abstract: A summary on the data of Latino voting patterns in 2004, including data on who they voted for, voter rates, etc.
Resource Type: Article



243. How Do Poor People Bank? (internal link)
Abstract: A 2 - 4 day lesson on the banking structures available for poor people. The lesson starts by explaining how traditional banks provide people with interest on savings accounts and then explores how this is flipped on poor people forced to use check cashers, pawn shops, rapid refund loans, etc. Math involved includes percents, interest, compound interest, APR.
Resource Type: Curriculum



244. How Latinos Pay for College (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet detailing key statistics about how Latino students pay for college, including data on financial aid and grants as compared to students of other races
Resource Type: Article



245. How Much is a Million (external link)
Abstract: Children are often intrigued by or confused about (sometimes both) very large numbers. Here Schwartz uses concepts that are simple to help readers conceptualize astronomical numbers like a million, billion, and trillion.
Resource Type: Book



246. How Rising Oil Prices Affect the Poor Disproportionately (external link)
Abstract: This activity looks at the way that rising oil prices disproportionately affect poor people.
Resource Type: Curriculum



247. How Taxing are Taxes: Understanding how Taxes and Tax Cuts Affect Different Income Earners (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students learn about how taxes are levied based on taxable income. They then analyze how a new series of tax cuts might affect people of different income levels and their tax rates.
Resource Type: Curriculum



248. How the Government Measures Unemployment (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



249. How The Other Half Still Lives (internal link)
Abstract: Borrowing from the Jacob Riis book, this article reports on the living conditions of poor people in this country and how poverty is still hidden from the public eye and agenda. The author looks at issues including wages, homelessness, housing, and job availability.
Resource Type: Article



250. How the States Measure Up: Women's Employment and Earnings, by Race and Ethnicity Labor Force Participation Rates for Women, by (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Table/Chart



251. How the States Measure Up: Women's Reproductive Rights, by Race and Ethnicity Percent of Mothers Beginning Prenatal Care in the (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Table/Chart



252. How the States Measure Up: Women's Social and Economic Autonomy, by Race and Ethnicity Percent of Women Aged 25 and Over with a (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Table/Chart



253. How the States Measure Up: Womens Political Representation by Race and Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Table/Chart



254. Hurricane Katrina Resource Maps (external link)
Abstract: These maps were prepared for selected areas in support of Hurricane Katrina relief efforts. They contain data on poverty, race, age, education, and other demographic categories for different counties, cities, and states that were affected by Hurricane Katrina.
Resource Type: Map



255. If you work, then you shouldn’t be poor (external link)
Abstract: A brief editorial that contends people who work should not be poor, but because the Minimum Wage is so low, and because of other policies, many who have jobs are still living far below the poverty line.
Resource Type: Article



256. Immigrants and TANF: A Look at Immigrant Welfare Recipients (external link)
Abstract: Key findings, based on case studies of New York, Los Angeles, and Houston, show that: immigrants and limited English speakers make up a significant share of those on welfare; many have significant barriers to work including less education and work history than natives; and immigrants on welfare are less likely to be working and more likely to be working in dead-end jobs. Job training programs often have English language requirements, limiting immigrants' access. The authors conclude that combining part-time work and language training can help immigrant welfare recipients move into jobs and off the welfare rolls.
Resource Type: Article



257. Immigration Statistics - Homeland Security Office (external link)
Abstract: This government-run site contains data, statistics, publications, and fact sheets on immigration into the US, focusing largely on legal immigration and information on immigrants who have become legal citizens.
Resource Type: Website



258. Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty Gap: All Persons (external link)
Abstract: Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty Gap: All Persons
Resource Type: Chart



259. Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty Gap: Children (external link)
Abstract: Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty Gap: Children
Resource Type: Chart



260. Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty: All Persons (external link)
Abstract: Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty: All Persons
Resource Type: Chart



261. Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty: Children (external link)
Abstract: Impact of Cash and Non-Cash Benefits on Poverty: Children
Resource Type: Chart



262. Improving TANF for Teens (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores which teens TANF reaches, and which teens the program does not. It also spotlights new resarch on adolescents in TANF families, and the impact of TANF rules for minor parents.
Resource Type: Article



263. Incarceration & Crime Rates (internal link)
Abstract: This series of lessons explores the connection between Crime Rates and Incarceration Rates in the U.S. Math involved includes line graphs, slope, writing functions, and rates.
Resource Type: Curriculum



264. Income Data for US Households (external link)
Abstract: Percent distribution of households, by selected characteristics, within income quintile and top 5 percent
Resource Type: Data



265. Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the US: 2005 (external link)
Abstract: A comprehensive analysis of recent census data on income, poverty, and health coverage.
Resource Type: Article



266. Indexing the Minimum Wage for Inflation (external link)
Abstract: A look at reasons why minimum wage should be indexed to inflation, and several states/people that are pushing for this to happen on a Federal level.
Resource Type: Article



267. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Behavior and Social Environment (external link)
Abstract: This presents data about young people's personal behavior, with a focus on illigal and high-risk behavior such as cigarette smoking, alcohol use, violent crimes (as victims and offenders).
Resource Type: Article



268. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Charactertics (external link)
Abstract: This article presents data that illustrate changes in the population and family contexts in which America's children are being raised. Nine key measures present data on trends in the size and composition of their families and the environment in which they live.
Resource Type: Article



269. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Economic Security Indicators (external link)
Abstract: The data in this report offer insights into the conditions of American children by providing information in four key areas: economic security, health, behavior and social environment, and education.
Resource Type: Article



270. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Education (external link)
Abstract: This section presents key indicators on how well children are learning and progressing, including data on family reading to young children, participation in early childhood care and education, scores on national assessments, and more.
Resource Type: Article



271. Indicators of Childhood Well-Being: Health (external link)
Abstract: This section of this multi-part report presents information on meaures of child health, including: chronic disease, birth outcomes, mortality rates, obesity, immunization.
Resource Type: Article



272. Inequality Widens as Real Value of Minimum Wage Falls (external link)
Abstract: A brief article about how the real value of the minimum wage has fallen in recent years. Also inclues a comparison of the Minimum Wage to average wages since 1947.
Resource Type: Article



273. InfoShare (external link)
Abstract: The Infoshare Community Information Service is a sophisticated tool that lets planners, community activists, teachers, students, researchers, and ordinary citizens view and analyze a vast array of community and regional data. Data currently available for NYC and NY State.
Resource Type: Website



274. Insights into Teaching Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: Providing essential guidance and background information about teaching mathematics, this book is intended particularly for teachers who do not regard themselves as specialists in mathematics. It deals with issues of learning and teaching, including the delivery of content and the place of problems and investigations.
Resource Type: Book



275. Institute for Research on Poverty (external link)
Abstract: RP is a center for interdisciplinary research into the causes and consequences of poverty and social inequality in the United States. The website contains research on welfare, EITC, education, and much more. Focuses heavily on poverty in the Midwest
Resource Type: Website



276. Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty (external link)
Abstract: The Institute is a nonprofit, non-partisan, research and policy organization located at the Weingart Center, in the heart of downtown Los Angeles’ Skid Row. The Institute delivers reliable analysis, data and solutions to institutions and individuals to spark new collaborations and foster new initiatives, policies and programs to better understand and address homelessness and poverty.
Resource Type: Website



277. Integrating Children’s Literature and Mathematics in the Classroom (external link)
Abstract: Illustrating how children's literature can be used to communicate mathematical concepts, this book is the first ever to take a serious look at the philosophical and pedagogical assumptions underlying the movement to integrate the teaching of mathematics and children's literature.
Resource Type: Book



278. International Association for Feminist Economics (external link)
Abstract: The IAFFE is a group of scholars, policy professionals, students, advocates and activists interested in empowering and improving the well-being of women-and other under-represented groups-around the world. The website contains position papers, links, and archives of their Journal of Feminist Economics
Resource Type: Website



279. International Study Group on Ethnomathematics (external link)
Abstract: The main website for the ISGE. It contains links to local/national chapters as well as position papers and other information about Ethnomathematics.
Resource Type: Website



280. Is There a Nativity Gap? The Academic Performance of Immigrant Students (external link)
Abstract: A statistical analysis of the academic performance of immigrant youth which focuses on variables including ELL status, time in the country, SES, and years in public schools.
Resource Type: Article



281. Islamic Art and Geometric Design (external link)
Abstract: From the Metropolitan Museum of Art's exhibit on Islamic art, this teaching tool helps students learn about tiling, patterns and tesselations, and contains useful diagrams and explanations for how to teach these concepts and create similar projects in your classroom.
Resource Type: Curriculum



282. It Pays to Study Hard (external link)
Abstract: A brief guide to the relationship between educational attainment and job stability, income, and other work-related issues.
Resource Type: Article



283. Jail, Education, and Opportunities (internal link)
Abstract: This provides an overview of an activity that students can do to learn more about the demographics and trends within the U.S. Prisons System by having them research data from the Department of Corrections and construct tables and graphs to make inferences to predict future data.
Resource Type: Curriculum



284. Jeopardizing Hispanic Homeownership: Predatory Practices in the Homebuying Market (internal link)
Abstract: This report is the first to provide a comprehensive analysis of the mortgage products and lending tactics targeted at Hispanic homebuyers. The report examines the homebuying and refinancing experiences of Latino homebuyers and the abusive lending tactics that steer Latino families into unnecessarily expensive products
Resource Type: Article



285. Job Growth Strong, But Not Enough to Spur Inflation (external link)
Abstract: An article looking at how job growth has been strong recently, and how it has not actually created inflation as many people fear job growth can cause
Resource Type: Article



286. Jobs Slayers or Fact Slayers? The Wall Street Journals flawed argument against raising the minimum wage (external link)
Abstract: A response to a Wall Street Journal editorial claiming that raising the minimum wage would hurt job growth.
Resource Type: Article



287. Jobs With Justice - A Campaign for Workers' Rights (external link)
Abstract: JwJ's mission is to improve working people's standard of living, fight for job security, and protect workers' right to organize. JwJ's core belief is that in order to be successful, workers' rights struggles have to be part of a larger campaign for economic and social justice. The website contains information about various campaigns, workers rights, organizing tools, and other resources for labor activists.
Resource Type: Website



288. Jobs: Some Organizing Strategies (external link)
Abstract: This paper focuses on the types of issues and policies that can be the subject of campaigns by grassroots community groups taking on issues of jobs, targeted hiring, and improved wages and benefits.
Resource Type: Article



289. Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (external link)
Abstract: This website provides news - clips, articles, research, links, etc - related to issues aroung higher education for Black people
Resource Type: Website



290. Jumpstart Coalition on Financial Literacy (external link)
Abstract: Jump$tart's purpose is to evaluate the financial literacy of young adults; develop, disseminate, and encourage the use of standards for grades K-12; and promote the teaching of personal finance. The website contains a tremendous amount of lesson plans, fun games, resources, and much more for anyone interested in teaching students about financial literacy.
Resource Type: Website



291. Katori's Origami Page (external link)
Abstract: This website is dedicated to the art of paper folding, and contains some of the most complex mathematics associated with Origami that has yet to have been discovered.
Resource Type: Website



292. Key Studies: Girls in the Juvenile Justice System (external link)
Abstract: A list of resources about girls in the juvenile justice system, including articles on delinquency, mental health, and gangs.
Resource Type: Website



293. KidsCount (external link)
Abstract: KIDS COUNT, a project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, is a national and state-by-state effort to track the status of children in the U.S. Website contains original publications and policy papers, as well as programs to create custom-made maps and data reports about youth by every county, city, and state in the US
Resource Type: Website



294. Lake Snell Perry & Associates - Polling (external link)
Abstract: This Polling Firm works closely with the Democratic Party and other social service organizations. They have a number of free reports on their website of polls and surveys they have done on a variety of important topics.
Resource Type: Website



295. Land Sharks Circling: The Changing Financial Services System and its Implications for Low-Income Families and Communities (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores various fringe banking services that poor people are often forced to use which stand in their way of building wealth.
Resource Type: Article



296. Leaving Boys Behind: Public High School Graduation Rates (external link)
Abstract: This study uses a widely respected method to calculate public high school graduation rates for the nation, for each state, and for the 100 largest school districts in the U.S. Rates are calculated by race, gender, and overall.
Resource Type: Article



297. Let the War on the Poverty Line Commence (external link)
Abstract: The poverty line should categorize families such that those who fall below it cannot adequately meet their basic needs, given what we know about human needs and prevailing living standards.
Resource Type: Article



298. Life and Debt (external link)
Abstract: Utilizing excerpts from the award-winning non-fiction text "A Small Place" by Jamaica Kincaid, Life & Debt is a woven tapestry of sequences focusing on the stories of individual Jamaicans whose strategies for survival and parameters of day-to-day existence are determined by the U.S. and other foreign economic agendas. By combining traditional documentary telling with a stylized narrative framework, the complexity of international lending, structural adjustment policies and free trade will be understood in the context of the day-to-day realities of the people whose lives they impact.
Resource Type: Film



299. Life at the Top in America Isn't Just Better, It's Longer (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at three different New Yorkers, one rich, one poor, and one middle-class, and compares their experiences after each suffering heart attacks. In a broader sense, the article looks at the connection between wealth and health.
Resource Type: Article



300. Living Wage Campaign (external link)
Abstract: ACORN's website about campaigns for fight for a living wage… includes a brief history of the national living wage movement, background materials such as ordinance summaries and comparisons, drafting tips, research summaries, talking points, and links to other living wage-related sites.
Resource Type: Website



301. Local Area Unemployment Statistics (external link)
Abstract: The Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program produces monthly and annual employment, unemployment, and labor force data for Census regions and divisions, States, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities, by place of residence.
Resource Type: Website



302. Long Term Trends in Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: The NAEP long-term trend assessment in mathematics documents trends in student performance from 1973 through 2004. Performance results are reported in three ways: as average scale scores, as percentile scores, and as percentages of students reaching predetermined performance level
Resource Type: Website



303. Looking Deathworthy: Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital Sentencing Outcomes (internal link)
Abstract: This study examined whether the likelihood of being sentenced to death is influenced by the degree to which a Black defendant is perceived to have a stereotypically Black appearance.
Resource Type: Article



304. Lost In Translation: Writing About Mathematics for a Popular Audience (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students reflect on the uses of mathematics in their daily lives and work in pairs to design brochures that make specific mathematical concepts clear and interesting to a popular audience. They then present their brochures to a family member and write response papers evaluating their own efforts.
Resource Type: Curriculum



305. Low Cost Pay Day Loans: Opportunities and Obstacles (external link)
Abstract: The report describes several payday loan alternative models for institutions interested in offering them, as well as data on predatory lending institutions in the U.S.
Resource Type: Article



306. Low Income Hinders College Attendance for Even the Highest Achieving Students (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores the correlation between income/financial status and educational outcome
Resource Type: Article



307. Lower East Side Peoples Federal Credit Union (external link)
Abstract: The site contains information about the history, need for, and functions of this vital neighborhood credit union.
Resource Type: Website



308. Making the Rent: Rent Burdens and Hardship Among Low income New Yorkers (external link)
Abstract: This report examins the changing rent burdens for low-income New Yorkers and their potential consequences. It contains written analysis as well as graphs, charts, and key-findings.
Resource Type: Article



309. Map of NY Counties (w/ Names) (internal link)
Abstract: Map of NY counties with names
Resource Type: Curriculum



310. Map of NY Counties (w/out Names) (internal link)
Abstract: Map of NY counties without names
Resource Type: Curriculum



311. Map of Womens Median Annual Earnings (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Graph



312. Math & Minorities - Website Search Page (external link)
Abstract: This MathForum.com site lists over 50 websites and organizations related to minorities in mathematics
Resource Type: Website



313. Math Adventures: Amazing Activities to Explore Multicultural Roots (external link)
Abstract: This book describes various multicultural math activities that can be used to supplement other projects and units, or to stand alone as a series of fun and socially aware activities.
Resource Type: Book



314. Math and Art (external link)
Abstract: This 8-part unit explores the overlap between mathematics and art. Math topics include: geometry, symmetry, patterns, etc.
Resource Type: Curriculum



315. Math and Media: Bias Busters (external link)
Abstract: This 208-page booklet includes creative teaching ideas, compelling narratives,and hands-on examples of ways teachers can promote values of community, justice,and equality — and build academic skills.
Resource Type: Book



316. Math and Science Across Cultures: Activities and Investigations from the Exploratorium (external link)
Abstract: Too often, the study of science, math, and technology is limited to the major successes of the Western world. Yet people all over the world have observed and explored nature and developed technologies to help them in their everyday lives. This book is designed to help teachers, parents, and youth-group leaders use hands-on activities to explore the math and science of different cultural traditions, and to make these subjects more relevant and approachable for children of all backgrounds.
Resource Type: Book



317. Math Emerges as Big Hurdle for Teenagers (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at a study that was done of High School dropouts, primarily young men of color, who all gave 'math' as one of the primary reasons they left school.
Resource Type: Article



318. Math, Maps, and Misrepresentation (external link)
Abstract: A goal of the map project was for students to use mathematics to analyze diverse map projections and to raise questions about what the various maps showed - and why. This article discusses this unit and reflections on it.
Resource Type: Article



319. Math, SATs, and Racial Profiling (external link)
Abstract: The author writes about how he and his students have used technology to investigate racial profiling and to analyze the relationship of family income level to scores on standardized tests.
Resource Type: Article



320. Mathematicians of the African Diaspora (external link)
Abstract: The website contains information on the greatest black mathematicians, profiles of 500 Black mathematicians, Black women in math and science, history of Blacks in mathematics, and much more
Resource Type: Website



321. Mathematics and Democracy: The Case for Quantitative Literacy (external link)
Abstract: The National Council on Education and the Disciplines prepared this book with executive editor Lynn Steen. A Design Team of 16 contributors looked into the meaning of numeracy in contemporary society.
Resource Type: Book



322. Mathematics from another World: Traditional Communities and the Alienation of Learners (external link)
Abstract: This paper reports upon a study of students learning mathematics in six English schools. It is argued that teaching and learning practices are central to the knowledge students learn and that those of traditional classrooms are sufficiently strange and other worldly to limit students’ use of mathematics in non-classroom situations
Resource Type: Article



323. Mathematics in Art and Architecture (external link)
Abstract: This website contains information on many different forms of art and architecture that have some mathematical component to them. These include: Pyramids, the Golden Ratio, Kaleidescopes, Tesselations, Music, Tiling, and more.
Resource Type: Website



324. Mathematics of the Incas (external link)
Abstract: Unique, thought-provoking study discusses quipu, an accounting system employing knotted, colored cords, used by Incas to transmit information. Cultural context, mathematics involved, quipu-maker in Inca society—even how to make a quipu. Fascinating for anthropologists, ethnologists, students, general readers. Over 125 photos and illustrations.
Resource Type: Book



325. Mathematics Standards (external link)
Abstract: The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics online version of nationally accepted standards for the teaching of mathematics
Resource Type: Website



326. Mayan Mathematics (internal link)
Abstract: These lessons introduce students to mayan mathematics. Activities include comparing our counting system to the Mayan system, writing numbers with the Mayan representations, and learning how to do computations using Mayan symbols.
Resource Type: Curriculum



327. Mayan Mathematics and Architecture (external link)
Abstract: Developed by the Denver public schools, this unit explores tha Mayan numerical system, and both compares/contrasts it with other ancient numerical systems. Students also measure and calculate the area, volume and perimeter of Mayan temples, create 3D projects, and work with computers.
Resource Type: Curriculum



328. Measured Opinions: Developing Public Opinion Polls to Report Views on Important Issues (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students explore how opinion polls are created and conducted, focusing on the wording of questions and the methods of sampling a population.
Resource Type: Curriculum



329. Measuring Water With Justice (external link)
Abstract: This is a multidisciplinary unit that explores water issues, developed by Bob Peterson, one of the authors of Rethinking Mathematics.
Resource Type: Article



330. Median Annual Income of Year-Round, Full Time Workers 25 and Older, by Highest Level of Educational Attainment and Sex (1990 - 2 (internal link)
Abstract: Census data on full-time workers, 25 and Older, by highest level of educational attainment and sex (1990 - 2004)
Resource Type: Data



331. Median Household Income by Race, 1988-2003 (internal link)
Resource Type: Graphs/Charts



332. Median Household Income, by Metropolitan Residence (external link)
Abstract: Median Household Income, by Metropolitan Residence
Resource Type: Chart



333. Median Household Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder (external link)
Abstract: Median Household Income, by Race and Hispanic Origin of Householder
Resource Type: Chart



334. Median Household Income, by Region (external link)
Abstract: Median Household Income, by Region
Resource Type: Chart



335. Median Income of Families, by Presence of Related Children Under 18 (external link)
Abstract: Median Income of Families, by Presence of Related Children Under 18
Resource Type: Chart



336. Metropolitan Area Research Center (MARC) (external link)
Abstract: The Metropolitan Area Research Corporation (MARC) is a non-profit research and geographic information systems (GIS) firm with a history of service to the public interest, government, philanthropy, academia, and private research institutions. This website contains dozens of useful maps for 25 major US cities.
Resource Type: Website



337. Mexican Born Population in the United States (external link)
Abstract: A map, by county, of the percent of Mexican-born people there are in the United States
Resource Type: Map



338. Migration Information Source (external link)
Abstract: This very informative website contains a wealth of information about migrants, immigration, and populations of countries around the world. It includes a global data center, maps, publications and reports, and much much more.
Resource Type: Website



339. Military and Defense Spending (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



340. Minimum Wage in Real Dollars - 1963 - 2005 (internal link)
Abstract: A chart showing the minimum wage in the US from 1963 to 2005 in both real dollars, and in 1996 dollars.
Resource Type: Chart



341. Minimum Wage Increased (internal link)
Abstract: An article from Jan 1, 2006 about the introduction of the new Minimum Wage in New York and its effect on poor people.
Resource Type: Article



342. Minimum Wage Issues Guide (external link)
Abstract: Created by the progressive Economic Policy Institute, this page contains both general information, data, and graphs on the minimum wage, as well as published papers, op-eds, and links to other resources on this subject.
Resource Type: Website



343. Minimum Wage Laws in the US (external link)
Abstract: State-by-state data on minimum wage laws and policies
Resource Type: Website



344. Minimum Wage, the EITC, and Inflation (external link)
Abstract: The EITC and minimum wage are important policies in helping poor people, but the fact that they are not indexed to inflation mean that they are becoming increasingly less impactful.
Resource Type: Article



345. Minorities in Business, 2001 (external link)
Abstract: A report on the ownership, formation, management, financing, growth, and other social and economic characteristiscs of minority business in the US.
Resource Type: Article



346. Minority Business Development Agency (external link)
Abstract: Government website, contains information on starting and financing small businesses. Also contains data on minority-owned businesses around the country, youth entreprenuership, and local links.
Resource Type: Website



347. Minority Business Ownership (internal link)
Abstract: A 1-day lesson about Minority-owned businesses. The lesson presents students with several charts and a graph on the issue, and asks them to intrepret the information to determine how M.O. businesses are doing. Students can also manipulate the data to deepen their understanding of the situation.
Resource Type: Curriculum



348. Minority Owned Business Economic Research (external link)
Abstract: Links and studies to data and reports on minority-owned businesses
Resource Type: Website



349. Minority-Owned Business: What is the Real Picture? (internal link)
Abstract: How are minority-owned businesses really doing in this country? Students compare 7 different charts of data sorted by race including loan denial rates, educational attainment, and number of small-business owners. They must use their knowledge of statistics and graphing to compare information within each table and with other tables to answer the main question. Good for 2 - 5 hours of class.
Resource Type: Curriculum



350. Missing Inaction: Evidence of Undercounting of Non-Workers in the Current Population Survey (external link)
Abstract: This study examines the potential for bias in the CPS measurement of employment. It highlights which groups have been undercounted, primarily women and people of color, and discusses the implications for missing a large segment of the unemployed population.
Resource Type: Article



351. Mobility in the Teacher Workforce - Data on Teachers in 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This website contains a lot of data on teachers in the US, including make-up of workforce by age and race, reasons for leaving the job (sorted by public/private and poor/wealthy areas), charactersistics of new hires, etc.
Resource Type: Website



352. More Hard Times for New York's Working Families (external link)
Abstract: This brief details key statistics on NY's low-income families. It also provides several suggestions for what the city can do to help this group of people, as well as decrease the increasing numbers of poor people.
Resource Type: Article



353. More Math Games and Activities from Around the World (external link)
Abstract: Presents games and other activities from different countries and cultures that teach a variety of basic mathematical concepts.
Resource Type: Book



354. Mortgage Loans-Is Racism a Factor? (external link)
Abstract: This lesson explores the issue of racism in mortgage loans, and uses data from Chicago to help students seek an answer to this question.
Resource Type: Article



355. Multicultural and Gender Equity in the Mathematics Classroom (external link)
Abstract: upporting the premise that no amount of good will can succeed in replacing the present-day inequitable practices unless educators develop an alternative set of successful practices and a supporting body of technical knowledge, this book present discussions of issues and highlights those practices that show particularly interesting insights into the problems of equity. Its readings will challenge you to find multiple ways of looking at multicultural and gender issues.
Resource Type: Book



356. Multicultural Math Fair (external link)
Abstract: Explains the process for how to create a multicultural math fair in your school, including lesson plans, culturally-situated games and puzzles, software access, and useful link
Resource Type: Website, Curriculum



357. Multicultural Mathematics vs. Ethnomathematics (external link)
Abstract: This brief article discusses how to tell the difference between multicultural math and ethnomathematics.
Resource Type: Article



358. Multicultural Mathematics. Teaching Mathematics from a Global Perspective (external link)
Abstract: Mathematics is an international language and field of study that knows no barriers between race, culture, or creed. This pioneering book was one of the first to explore ways of helping schoolchildren understand the universality of mathematics, and at the same time making it a more enjoyable, relevant, and rewarding enterprise.
Resource Type: Book



359. Multicultural Mathematics: One Road to the Goal of Mathematics for All (external link)
Abstract: No description available
Resource Type: Book



360. NAEP Findings Regarding Race/Ethnicity: Mathematics Achievement, Student Affect, and School/Home Experiences (internal link)
Abstract: This chapter examines NAEP data on students’ mathematics achievement, attitudes toward mathematics, beliefs about mathematics, and experiences in their schools and homes. The primary focus is on race- and ethnicity-related patterns, with some attention given to SES interactions with race/ethnicity in overall achievement
Resource Type: Article



361. NAEP Findings Related to Gender: Achievement, Affect, and Learning Experiences (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on gender-related differences in student performance on the mathematics portion of the 2003 NAEP assessment. It begins by reporting overall trends in scale scores, followed by a description of gender differences within content strands and a discussion of gender and student affect data taken from the NAEP student survey
Resource Type: Article



362. National Center for Children in Poverty (external link)
Abstract: The National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP) is the nation’s leading public policy center dedicated to promoting the economic security, health, and well-being of America’s low-income families and children. Using research to inform policy and practice, NCCP seeks to advance family-oriented solutions and the strategic use of public resources at the state and national levels to ensure positive outcomes for the next generation.
Resource Type: Website



363. National Center for Education Statistics (external link)
Abstract: The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), located within the U.S. Department of Education and the Institute of Education Sciences, is the primary federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education.
Resource Type: Website



364. National Center for Health Statistics (external link)
Abstract: This official government site has a tremendous amount of data on the health of people in the US. NCHS has two major types of data systems: systems based on populations, containing data collected through personal interviews or examinations; and systems based on records, containing data collected from vital and medical records.
Resource Type: Website



365. National Council of La Raza: Publications about Improving Opportunities for Hispanic Americans in the United States (external link)
Abstract: This is the publications page for the National Council of La Raza. The publications are divided into topics, including: electoral politics, civil rights, community and family wealth building, education, employment, farmworkers, health, and immigration.
Resource Type: Website



366. National Credit Union Association (external link)
Abstract: Information about Credit Unions from the Government Agency that oversees them. Includes links to local Credit Unions
Resource Type: Website



367. National Geographic Map Machine - Online Interactive Maps (external link)
Abstract: A user-friendly website that allows users to quickly create maps by either geographic region or social, political, or economic topic.
Resource Type: Website



368. National Income Data from 1967 - 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This document includes data from 1967 -2004 on Median Household Income by race, quintile, selected percentiles, location, child status, etc. Also contains rates for the CPI during this same time period
Resource Type: Chart



369. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (external link)
Abstract: Part of the NIH, this website contains data and information on alcohol abuse in the U.S.
Resource Type: Website



370. National Population Estimates (external link)
Abstract: This Census Bureau site allows users to define a population they are interested in learning about - either by demographic perameters (age, gender, race) or geographic location - and then creates charts containing this data.
Resource Type: Chart



371. National Poverty Data from 1959 - 2004 (external link)
Abstract: This document includes data from 1959 - 2004 on Poverty Rates by race, female-headed household, children status, elderly status, geographic location, etc. It also contains data about the Poverty Line, including rates of families by race and Hispanic Origin above/below it, information on the work experience of the poor, and much more.
Resource Type: Chart



372. Native American Beading: Coordinate Planes (external link)
Abstract: This lesson introduces students to Cartesian planes and graphing in the context of Native American beading. It can also tie in computer-generated beading a program if you have computer access.
Resource Type: Curriculum



373. Native American Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: Spanning time from the prehistoric to the present, the thirteen essays in this volume attest to the variety of mathematical development present in the Americas. The data are drawn from cultures as diverse as the Ojibway, the Inuit (Eskimo), and the Nootka in the north; the Chumash of Southern California; the Aztec and the Maya in Mesoamerica; and the Inca and Jibaro of South America.
Resource Type: Book



374. Negotiating a Fair Wage Increase for Unions (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



375. Neighborhood Economic Development Advocacy Project (external link)
Abstract: NEDAP is a resource and advocacy center that works with community groups to promote financial justice in NYC's low income and of color communities. Website contains maps, editorials, policy and position papers, fact sheets, etc.
Resource Type: Website



376. Neighborhood History Through Mathematical Analysis (internal link)
Abstract: The purpose of this project is to build an interest in mathematics and history by doing mathematical analysis of historical data, rather than textbook data, that the students find themselves from primary historical documents.
Resource Type: Curriculum



377. New IRS Data Show Income Inequality is Again on the Rise (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the increasing gap in income amongst workers in the US
Resource Type: Article



378. New York State Education Department: Fiscal Analysis and Research Unit (external link)
Abstract: From the website: "Our mission is to provide quality policy analysis, research, assistance and data products to educators, policymakers and the general public." Website contains data sets about educational funding by school district as well as analysis on fiscal policy.
Resource Type: Website



379. New York Asks Help From Poor in Housing Crisis (internal link)
Abstract: As the NYC Housing Authority brings in less revenue and has increasing expenses, they've turned to requiring poor people in public housing to pay for more and more of their living expenses.
Resource Type: Article



380. New York Latino Research Clearinghouse (external link)
Abstract: The New York Latino Research Clearinghouse has been created to disseminate research on Latinos in New York State and elsewhere. It gathers and organizes the most recent research reports, academic papers and policy news relating to the Latino populations of the United States.
Resource Type: Website



381. New York State - Prison Populations and General Populations, by Race (internal link)
Abstract: A graph comparing the percent of the prison population and general population of people of different races in NY State
Resource Type: Graph



382. New York State of Mind: Higher Education vs. Prison Spending in the Empire State, 1988 - 1998 (internal link)
Abstract: This short but powerful report compares funding on education and prisons in NY State.
Resource Type: Article, Data



383. New York State's Dual Crisis: Low Graduation Rates and Rising School Taxes (external link)
Abstract: This report examines two important and connected issues for New York state. The evidence in the report shows that NY needs to address both education reform and property tax issues simultaneously.
Resource Type: Article



384. New York States of Mind (internal link)
Abstract: An article summarizing the results of a poll of 1000 New Yorkers about NY-related issues ranging from housing, sports, city government, politics, September 11th, and more.
Resource Type: Article



385. New York Taxes Hit Poor and Middle Class Far harder than the Wealthy (external link)
Abstract: A study discussing the impact of tax policy on wealthy and poor New Yorkers
Resource Type: Article



386. Nickel and Dimed; On (Not) Getting By in America (external link)
Abstract: With some 12 million women being pushed into the labor market by welfare reform, she decided to do some good old-fashioned journalism and find out just how they were going to survive on the wages of the unskilled--at $6 to $7 an hour, only half of what is considered a living wage. So she did what millions of Americans do, she looked for a job and a place to live, worked that job, and tried to make ends meet.
Resource Type: Book



387. No-Nonsense Guide to The Arms Trade (external link)
Abstract: This disturbing book names the players in the arms trade and charts the impact that it has had on war, human rights, and development. The financial and trade mechanisms that permit the arms trade to continue are revealed, amid sordid tales of bribery and corruption
Resource Type: Book



388. Number of Persons Under Correctional Supervision (external link)
Abstract: From 1980 - 2004, these are the official numbers of people on Probation, in Jail, in Prison, and on Parole, for the entire U.S.
Resource Type: Data



389. NY State Data Center (external link)
Abstract: Census 2000 contains a wealth of information for New York State and its sub-areas. This section contains data from and information about this census.
Resource Type: Website



390. On The Corner: The First National Survey On Day Laborers in the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: This report highlights the findings in the first ever survey of day-laborers in the United States by surveying over 2,000 of the estimated 117,600 day-laborers in this country. It highlights the widespread abuses, economic struggles, and demographic information about this large but until recently ignored segment of our population.
Resource Type: Article



391. On the Corner: Day Laborers in the US (RADIO PROGRAM) (internal link)
Abstract: The first nationwide study on day laborers was completed in January 2006. Based on 2,660 interviews with workers in 20 states it reveals high levels of abuse towards the workers. Abel Valenzuela, an associate professor at UCLA and one of the studies three authors, talks about the findings.
Resource Type: Curriculum



392. Once Battered by Poverty, Three Families Find a New Start (internal link)
Abstract: An article about three families in NY, the overlapping events that occurred which sent them into poverty, and their stories of slowly trying to climb back from being poor.
Resource Type: Article



393. Onwards and Upwards: Comparing National and State College Tuition Increases (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students interpret a graph representing rising college tuition costs, then collect data on college tuition changes in the United States by region and create their own graphs. For homework, they make predictions about future tuition prices.
Resource Type: Curriculum



394. Opinions Please! Creating and Conducting Surveys to Gather Information about Students' Communities (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students will consider the purpose of surveys and polls and learn how to create them effectively. After they examine a poll by The New York Times, they create, administer, and tally surveys of their own design.
Resource Type: Curriculum



395. Oral Storytelling and Teaching Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: This book uses oral storytelling as a means of teaching algorithms and problem solving. Its presentation of a collaborative teaching model that can be generalized to all mathematics teaching, its presentation of a new perspective on problem solving, enhancing the currently popular approach, and its insights into multicultural mathematics all provide a wealth of knowledge for pre-service and in-service classroom teachers as well as mathematics education instructors.
Resource Type: Book



396. Organizing for the Future (internal link)
Abstract: In this activity, students are working for a union that is organizing for a large rally. Students are given a set of financial and time constraints, and have to determine which organizing strategies to use and how much time to spend on them.
Resource Type: Curriculum



397. Out of Reach: A Comparison of Wages and Rents Across the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: Out of Reach provides readers with a direct comparison of rental housing costs and income levels for states, metropolitan areas, and counties nationwide. It contains an easy-to-use online database to provide this data.
Resource Type: Website



398. Out of School, Out of Work… Out of Luck? NYC'S Disconnected Youth (external link)
Abstract: This report is about NY's "disconnected youth" - the city's 16 through 24-year-olds who are neither attending school nor participating in the labor force.
Resource Type: Article



399. Outside the Law: How Lenders Dodge Community Reinvestment (external link)
Abstract: This report examines whether or not the CRA encourages lenders to do business with low income or minority borrowers, and looks specifically at loan and denial rates for different races in different parts of the country.
Resource Type: Article



400. Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: From the 2000 Census, this article looks at the way that Hispanics were classified during the census, and provides an analysis of Hispanics in the U.S. broken down by race, jobs/income, etc.
Resource Type: Curriculum



401. Paper Folding & Origami (external link)
Abstract: This is one of the world's leading website's on Origami and paper folding. It also contains extensive information about the mathematical concepts behind this ancient art form. This page also contains links to other major origami site from around the world.
Resource Type: Website



402. Payday Lenders vs. McDonalds (external link)
Abstract: Compare the number of payday lenders in your state against the number of McDonald's in your state, and see some interesting results arise.
Resource Type: Article, Data



403. Payday Lending and the Military (external link)
Abstract: Writing within the relatively new interdisciplinary “law and geography” movement, this Article provides geographic evidence that payday lenders do aggressively target American military personnel, irrespective of most forms of legal regulation.
Resource Type: Article



404. Paying for College - Changes Between 1990 and 2000 (internal link)
404. Paying for College - Changes Between 1990 and 2000 (external link)
Abstract: This website contains a lot of data about college tuition and looks at fee increases, average tuition, financial aid patterns, enrollment patterns, etc. It contains several summary articles as well as data and charts.
Resource Type: Website



405. Paying More for the American Dream: A Multi-State Analysis of Higher Cost Home Purchase Lending (external link)
Abstract: An analysis of 2005 federal mortgage lending data shows that African American and Latino borrowers remain much more likely to pay more for their home purchase loans than white borrowers. This report examines the cost of borrowing in six metropolitan areas in the United States, and confirms that large disparities remain in the pricing of home purchase loans.
Resource Type: Article



406. Pedagogy of the Oppressed (external link)
Abstract: Unity and organization can enable them to change their weakness into a transforming force with which they can re-create the world and make it more human." This book is an excellent work providing prescriptive evidence about how the oppressed might go about creating their own reality to overcome oppression, seizing education, true education, as a path to freedom.
Resource Type: Book



407. Percent as a Tool For Social Justice (external link)
Abstract: From a fantastic book entitled: "Rethinking Our Classrooms, Volume 2" about teaching for Equity and Justice
Resource Type: Book



408. Percent of Women Above Poverty (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Graph



409. Persons Below 50 Percent of the Poverty Line, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Persons Below 50 Percent of the Poverty Line, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



410. Persons in Poverty, by Metropolitan Residence (external link)
Abstract: Persons in Poverty, by Metropolitan Residence
Resource Type: Chart



411. Persons in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Persons in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



412. Persons in Poverty, by Region (external link)
Abstract: Persons in Poverty, by Region
Resource Type: Chart



413. Persons Under the Age of 18 in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Persons Under the Age of 18 in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



414. Persons without Health Insurance, by Age (external link)
Abstract: Persons without Health Insurance, by Age
Resource Type: Chart



415. Persons without Health Insurance, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Persons without Health Insurance, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



416. Pew Hispanic Center (external link)
Abstract: This website contains immense amounts of data on Latinos in the United States, including datasets, publications, and research on demographics, immigration, education, labor, politics, and economic situation.
Resource Type: Website



417. Playing Mathematics and Doing Music (internal link)
Abstract: This series of lessons introduces students to Polyrhythms, and teaches them the mathematics behind beats and rhythms. Students explore different beat cycles, the Chinese Remainder Theorem, and several applications of Algebra. It can also be used in conjunction with a free, online beat simulator.
Resource Type: Curriculum



418. Plight Deepens for Black Men, Studies Warn (internal link)
Abstract: Looking at new scholarly analysis, this article reports that Black men in this country are facing an even more dire situation than is commonly cited by employment and education statistics.
Resource Type: Article



419. PolicyLink (external link)
Abstract: PolicyLink is a national nonprofit research, communications, capacity building, and advocacy organization working to advance policies to achieve economic and social equity. Among their regional equity approaches is equitable development, a comprehensive local, regional, and state framework emphasizing equitable public investment, the fair distribution of affordable housing, and community strategies to improve health.
Resource Type: Website



420. Poor Prescription: The Costs of Imprisoning Drug Offenders in the United States (internal link)
Abstract: This article examines the enormous costs of imprisoning drug offenders in the U.S. It also examines how issues of race and class are central in terms of who is being incarcerated. Includes both National and State specific data.
Resource Type: Article



421. Portfolio Project on Data Analysis and Graphing (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



422. Poverty and Race Research Action Council (external link)
Abstract: PRACC's mission is to generate, gather, and disseminate information on the relationship between race and poverty. The website contains original articles, publications for download, links to other sites, and an online copy of their monthly newsletter.
Resource Type: Website



423. Poverty Gap for Primary Families and Unrelated Individuals (external link)
Abstract: Poverty Gap for Primary Families and Unrelated Individuals
Resource Type: Chart



424. Poverty Gap for Related Children Under 18 (external link)
Abstract: Poverty Gap for Related Children Under 18
Resource Type: Chart



425. Poverty in California: Moving Beyond the Federal Measure (external link)
Abstract: This report examines poverty rates in the U.S., and adjusts for housing costs, which end up making NY, Washington DC and California the poorest places in the country. The report also challenges traditional models of measuring poverty.
Resource Type: Article



426. Poverty in the United States, 2001 (external link)
Abstract: The Census Report on Poverty in the US. Includes current and historical data by age, race, worker status and experience, depth of poverty, etc., for different regions across the United States.
Resource Type: Article



427. Poverty of Freedom or Freedom from Poverty (external link)
Abstract: This course seeks to engage students in an intensive interdisciplinary study of freedom, prosperity, and poverty. In line with the objectives of the Freedom Project, this course engages in fair-minded and informed investigations that respect a variety of philosophical, religious, and economic approaches to the topics of freedom, wealth, and poverty.
Resource Type: Syllabus



428. Poverty Status of Workers (external link)
Abstract: Poverty Status of Workers
Resource Type: Chart



429. Poverty Status of Working Families with Children (external link)
Abstract: Poverty Status of Working Families with Children
Resource Type: Chart



430. Poverty Thresholds, US Census Bureau (external link)
Abstract: National Poverty Thresholds by Size of Family and Number of Children between 1985 and 2004
Resource Type: Website



431. Poverty Trends for Families Headed by Working Single Mothers (external link)
Abstract: his analysis focuses on poverty in families headed by single mothers who work. In recent years, large numbers of families headed by single mothers have moved from welfare to work. This report addresses the question whether and to what degree those who work have improved their economic situation.
Resource Type: Article



432. Predatory Lending and the Military: The Law and Geograph of "Payday" Loans in Military Towns (external link)
Abstract: Based on extensive research, this report examines the frequency with which check cashers and pay day loan operates exist within close proximity to military bases, essentially preying off military personel who want to cash their checks.
Resource Type: Article



433. Predatory Payday Loans - A Fact Sheet (external link)
Abstract: A 2-page basic Fact Sheet about Predatory Payday loans, including some personal narratives of people affected by them.
Resource Type: Article



434. Predatory Tax-Time Loans Strip $324 Million from NY's Poorest Communities: An Analysis of Tax Refund Anticipation Lending in NYC (internal link)
Abstract: This report analyzes Rapid Anticipatory Loan (RAL) data in NY between 2002 - 2005, and examines how these loans, and both the large and small banks and financial institutions throughout the city, siphoned $324 million out of the poorest communities.
Resource Type: Data, Article



435. Principals and Standards for School Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: The nationally agreed upon standards for mathematics from elementary to high-school level classes
Resource Type: Book



436. Prison Policy Initiative (external link)
Abstract: The Prison Policy Initiative conducts research and advocacy on incarceration policy. Website contains data, graphs, articles, original research and papers about the problems with prisons, incarceration, and disenfranchisement in the US
Resource Type: Website



437. Prison Sucks - Statistics and Data (external link)
Abstract: Prisonsucks.com is a clearinghouse for useful, verifiable statistics about the crime control industry. Includes up-to-date information on the number of people incarcerated by race, gender and age; the economics of the prison industry; treatement of prisoners, mandatory minimums, etc.
Resource Type: Website



438. Prisoner Reentry Pressroom (external link)
Abstract: This website contains a summary of the data on the demographics of former prisoners who have reentered society, as well as links to sites with further information and contact information for key researchers in this field of study.
Resource Type: Website



439. Prisoners in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: From the Bureau of Justice Statistics, this is the most recent report on prisoners in the US, including detailed charts on prisoners by race, age and gender in different geographic tracts throughout the US. It also contains some historical data and analysis of trends over the past decade.
Resource Type: Article



440. Prisoners Once Removed (external link)
Abstract: Little research has been done on the impact of incarceration on American family life. In this book, the authors explore this important issue from both physchological and financial perspectives.
Resource Type: Book



441. Private Accounts Would Substantially Increase Federal Debt and Interest Payments (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at the impact that privitizing social security would have on the federal debt
Resource Type: Article



442. Private Prisoners: Prisoners in Adult Private Prisons, 1987-2001 (internal link)
Resource Type: Graphs/Charts



443. Promising Practices in Revenue Generating for Community Organizing (external link)
Abstract: The sole purpose of this report is to strengthen the revenue base of community organizing. Intended audiences are organizers, organizing networks and other organizing intermediaries, funders, academics, and other allies of organizing.
Resource Type: Article



444. Providing the Missing Link: A Model for a Neighborhood-Focused Employment Program (external link)
Abstract: This new report, written by Wendy Fleischer and Julie Dressner for the Casey Foundation, provides a model for a neighborhood-focused workforce development strategy. With dual goals of increasing residents' employment and income, as well as increasing the quantity and quality of career opportunities, the strategy outlined in this document helps bridge the gap between low-income neighborhoods and regional workforce development programs.
Resource Type: Article



445. Public University Tuition is up Sharply for 2004 (internal link)
Abstract: A look at the increasing cost of going to public colleges across the United States.
Resource Type: Article



446. Puerto Rican Rhythm Wheels (internal link)
Abstract: This lesson explores fractions, LCDs and LCMs within the context of Puerto Rican Rhythm Wheels and percussion. It is also linked to an online rhythm wheel simulation.
Resource Type: Curriculum



447. Quantifying the Financial Cost of Payday Loans in America (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Responsible Lending estimates that predatory lending fees cost US families $3.4 billion annually, and explores the scope and pervasiveness of this problem.
Resource Type: Article



448. Quarterly US Bankruptcy Statistics (external link)
Abstract: From the American Bankruptcy Institute, this website contains lots of data about both personal and business-side bankruptcy by geographic locations as well as historic data, trends, and analysis.
Resource Type: Website



449. QuarterlyExam (internal link)



450. Queers for Economic Justice (external link)
Abstract: Through community speak-outs and panel discussions, QEJ works to bring issues of queer poverty and economic injustice into the spotlight. The website contains news and information about their work, upcoming workshops and events, and links to services for LGTB and poor people.
Resource Type: Website



451. Race and Police Searches (internal link)
Resource Type: Graphs/Charts



452. Racial Disparity between US and Incarcerated Populations (internal link)
Abstract: A graph comparing the percent of the prison population and general population of people of different races in the United States.
Resource Type: Graph



453. Racial Wealth Gap (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



454. Radical Equations (external link)
Abstract: Drawing its inspiration from the civil rights movement's organizing tactics, the first part of this book is devoted to detailing how black Americans undid the white choke hold on Southern politics. In part two, Moses shows how the same grassroots organizing can be applied to make change in the classroom. He also explains why the project's success rate is so much higher than that of traditional math programs. An important step forward in math pedagogy and a provocative field manual, this book is a radical equation indeed.
Resource Type: Book



455. Radical Math: Statistics Unit, Part 1 (Student Version) (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



456. Radical Math: Statistics Unit, Part 1 (Teachers Version) (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



457. Radical Math: Statistics Unit, Part 2 (Student Version) (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



458. Radical Math: Statistics Unit, Part 2 (Teachers Version) (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



459. Radical Statistics Group (external link)
Abstract: This British group believes that statistics can be used to support radical campaigns for progressive social change. Statistics should inform, not drive policies. Social problems should not be disguised by technical language. The website and their journal explore many social justice issues.
Resource Type: Website



460. Raise the Floor: Promoting Practices and Policies that Work (external link)
Abstract: This website promotes the need for policies to raise wages for workers, especially women.
Resource Type: Website



461. Rapid Rip-Offs: Tax Refund Anticipation Lending in New York City (external link)
Abstract: This report by the NY Economic Development Advocacy Program (NEDAP) explores how much money low-income New Yorkers are spending on rapid-refund tax loans. It contains both written analysis, graphs, and maps.
Resource Type: Article



462. Reading And Writing The World With Mathematics: Teaching And Learning For Social Justice In An Urban, Latino/a School (external link)
Abstract: This book argues that mathematics education should prepare students to investigate and critique injustice, and to challenge, in words and actions, oppressive structures and acts. Based on teacher-research, the book provides a theoretical framework and practical examples for how mathematics educators can connect schooling to a larger sociopolitical context and concretely teach mathematics for social justice.
Resource Type: Book



463. Real World Algebra (external link)
Abstract: Just as English can be translated into other languages, word problems can be "translated" into the math language of algebra and easily solved. Real World Algebra explains this process in an easy to understand format using cartoons and drawings. This makes self-learning easy for both the student and any teacher who never did quite understand algebra
Resource Type: Book



464. Real World Math Projects (external link)
Abstract: An article from Rethinking Schools briefly highlighting 17 social-justice based math projects
Resource Type: Article



465. Regression and Line of Best Fit Visualization Tool (internal link)
Abstract: Download this Excel file to learn about Regression and the Line of Best Fit through an easy to use and interactive tool. Move the cursor to change the Line of Best Fit.
Resource Type: Curriculum



466. Related Children Below 50 Percent of the Poverty Line, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Related Children Below 50 Percent of the Poverty Line, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



467. Related Children Under the Age of 6 in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin (external link)
Abstract: Related Children Under the Age of 6 in Poverty, by Race and Hispanic Origin
Resource Type: Chart



468. Relearning Mathematics: A Different Third R - Radical Maths (external link)
Abstract: Frankenstein's mathematics textbook differs a great deal from traditional mathematics texts since it includes not only mathematical content but also approaches to learning mathematics, a social and political context for learning mathematics, and numerous historical insights. The style of the book provides strong support for the idea that mathematics is a human endeavor and mathematics can be a powerful tool for all people. The mathematical topics included integers, rational numbers, numerical operations, and variables.
Resource Type: Book



469. Religion and Abortion Attitudes Among U.S. Hispanics: Findings from the 1990 Latino National Political Survey (internal link)
Abstract: Based on the 1990 Latino National Political Survey, this article looks at how different ethnic groups and religious groups with the Latino diaspora feel about abortion.
Resource Type: Article



470. Remittance Data and Publications (external link)
Abstract: The Pew Hispanic Center compiles data on Latinos in the US. This page contains several reports and data remittance rates, including amounts of money being sent, companies that profit from these transactions, and where to/from this money is coming/going.
Resource Type: Website



471. Rent Data on Brooklyn (1990 and 2000) (internal link)
Abstract: Data, sorted by zip codes in Brooklyn, on: median rent in 1990 and 2000, percent of neighborhood renting, and median rent.
Resource Type: Chart



472. Research Library on Economic Justice Topics (external link)
Abstract: The Coalition on Human Needs (CHN) is an alliance of national organizations working together to promote public policies which address the needs of low-income and other vulnerable populations. The Coalition serves as a clearinghouse of information on poverty and human needs issues for our members and the general public. Website contains data and publications on a range of issues including education and youth policy, food and nutrition, health, housing, and homelessness.
Resource Type: Website



473. Restaurant Hiring May Lead the Way to Wider Job Gains (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at the increase of restaurants and restaurant jobs, including fancy establishments and fast food chains. It also explores benefits offered to restaurant workers, and the finances of running such a business.
Resource Type: Article



474. Rethinking Globalization (external link)
Abstract: This comprehensive 402-page book from Rethinking Schools helps teachers raise critical issues with students in grades 4 - 12 about the increasing globalization of the world's economies and infrastructures, and the many different impacts this trend has on our planet and those who live here
Resource Type: Book



475. Rethinking Highschool Graduation Rates and Trends (external link)
Abstract: This report examines a huge amount of data on high school graduation rates, and looks into recent and historic trends along primarily racial lines. It finds, amongst other things, that students of color are actually graduating high school at higher rates than previous studies have shown.
Resource Type: Article



476. Rethinking Mathematics: Teaching Social Justice By the Numbers (external link)
Abstract: This unique collection of more than 30 articles shows teachers how to weave social-justice principles throughout the math curriculum, and how to integrate social-justice math into other curricular areas as well.
Resource Type: Book



477. Richest are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores how in recent years, due primarily to tax policy, the gap between the rich and the super rich has drastically widened.
Resource Type: Article



478. Rise, Peak, and Decline: Trends in US Immigration, 1992 - 2004 (external link)
Abstract: This report provides the first detailed analysis of recent year-to-year immigration flows to the United States. It breaks down the overall increases in the foreign-born population that the United States has experienced since the early 1990s into estimates of annual flows and charts key changes in its major components, including countries of origin and legal status.
Resource Type: Article



479. Rising Rent (internal link)
Abstract: A short, 1-3 day set of lessons about Gentrification in Brooklyn. These lessons help students understand the term gentrification and looks at changes in rent in different zip codes to understand its effects. Math involved includes percents, percent growth, scatterplot graphing, Line of Best Fit, and Correlation.
Resource Type: Curriculum



480. Risky Business: Investigating Connections Between Teens' Movie Viewing Restrictions and Their Use of Tobacco and Alcohol (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students learn about a recent Dartmouth study that connected teenagers' movie viewing restrictions with their tobacco and alcohol usage. They then conduct their own research in tobacco and alcohol use among teenagers by devising surveys to be distributed and analyzed in their own school setting.
Resource Type: Curriculum



481. Robert Lang Origami (external link)
Abstract: Robert Lang is one of the most widely recognized Origami artists in the world. His website has a huge amount of information about both the art and the mathematics behind Origami design.
Resource Type: Website



482. Rock Oil, Rock Oil Everywhere (external link)
Abstract: This series of lessons studies the production and consumption of oil in the U.S. and around the world.
Resource Type: Curriculum



483. Rural Poverty Research Institute (external link)
Abstract: The Rural Policy Research Institute (RUPRI) conducts policy-relevant research and facilitates public dialogue to assist policymakers in understanding the rural impacts of public policies and programs.
Resource Type: Website



484. Sandkofa (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



485. SAT Verbal and Math Scores, by State (multi-year) (external link)
Abstract: Data on Verbal and Math SAT scores by State, 1995, 2000, 2004, and 2005. Also includes participation rates.
Resource Type: Data



486. Save The Pups (Problem) (external link)
Abstract: A max/min problem where students will maximize how many lives we can save. The activity uses the Vertex Form of a parabola (instead of calculus) to find the max.
Resource Type: Curriculum



487. Save The Pups (Solution) (external link)
Abstract: A max/min problem where students will maximize how many lives we can save. The activity uses the Vertex Form of a parabola (instead of calculus) to find the max.
Resource Type: Curriculum



488. ScatterplotCorrelationGraphs (internal link)



489. ScatterplotDataGraphs (internal link)









492. Schott Foundation for Public Education: Fairness Access Opportunity (external link)
Abstract: The Schott Foundation published reports about the quality of public education and focuses largely on the issue of a positive future for Black boys. They also look at issues of gender equity, public policy, and early childhood education.
Resource Type: Website



493. Self-Employed Business Ownership Rates in the United States: 1979-2993 (external link)
Abstract: A detailed summary of the data on self-employed Americans, including gender and race-based information
Resource Type: Article



494. Seminar on Reseach in Mathematics Education: Culture and Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: The main theme of this seminar is taking a socio-cultural approach to mathematics education, and the aim is to discuss research that looks at these issues
Resource Type: Syllabus



495. Seminar: Comparing Teen Gun-Related Murder Rates in the U.S. over the Past 20 Years (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



496. Setting the Wrong Course: Personal Reemployment Accounts Fail to Address the Real Needs of Jobless Workers (external link)
Abstract: A critique of the Bush administrations $50 million program to create Personal Reemployment Accounts as a method of job development.
Resource Type: Article



497. Single Mothers Contrinue to Face Tough Job Market (external link)
Abstract: A look at the difficulties single mothers have had in the past 6 years obtaining jobs and surviving post Welfare reform
Resource Type: Article



498. Six Strategies for Family Economic Self-Sufficiency (external link)
Abstract: e project provides resources and technical assistance to community-based advocates and states on human resource investment policies to help move families out of poverty. The website contains strategies and proposals and a library of relevant online material and links, and seeks to connect the Family Economic Self-Sufficiency Project to a wide audience
Resource Type: Website



499. Small Busines and Micro Business Lending in the US, 2003-2004 (external link)
Abstract: This study provides a brief review of banks’ lending activities in 2003-2004 based on two types of data reported by banks to their regulating agencies—the call reports for June 2004 and the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) reports for 2003.
Resource Type: Article



500. Small Business Profile: New York (external link)
Abstract: This website uses a variety of databases to document the contributions of small, minority- and women-owned businesses in New York.
Resource Type: Website



501. Smoke Signals: Exploring the Economic and Health-Related Impacts of a Smoking Habit (internal link)
Abstract: In this lesson, students estimate the amount of money a non-smoking teen spends in a week, a month, and a year, and compare it with the expenses of a teen who smokes one, two, and three packs a day. They then research other reasons that teens should not smoke, and create an ad campaign geared toward young people emphasizing the financial and health benefits of not smoking.
Resource Type: Curriculum



502. Social Explorer: Interactive Map Page (external link)
Abstract: This page contains an incredible mapping program. Start with a map of the U.S. Then pick a larger topic (such as race, income, foreign-born population, education) and then more specific categories (ie. % Hispanic, % Black, % White)… and zoom in on a state, county, or census tract within seconds.
Resource Type: Website



503. Social Justice Contexts for Data-Based Projects in Algebra and Statistics (internal link)
Abstract: This unit contains five projects about poverty, and teaches students to use multiple representations to analyze data. The projects engages students in answering these questions: What is Poverty? Who are the Poor? How is poverty related to school achievement? How has poverty changed? What can be done?
Resource Type: Curriculum



504. Social Justice Makes Sense: The Many Successes of the Community Reinvestment Act (external link)
Abstract: This bulletin focuses on how the CRA has helped lower-income people and communities gain access to credit for buying homes, expanding small businesses, and funding other types of community development.
Resource Type: Article



505. Social Security and Hispanics: A Reply to the Heritage Foundation (external link)
Abstract: A response to the conservative Heritage Foundations' reaction to an early paper documenting the significance of social security to the Hispanic population
Resource Type: Article



506. Sociocultural Research on Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: No description available
Resource Type: Book



507. State Income Tax Burdens on Low-Income Families in 2003 (external link)
Abstract: A look at the high level of taxes paid by poor and working-class Americans and how tax policy continues to hurt, rather than help, these groups of people
Resource Type: Article



508. State of African American Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about African-American owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



509. State of Hispanic Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about Hispanic owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



510. State of Minority Business (2001) (external link)
Abstract: A short report from the Minority Business Development Agency on national data about minority owned businesses from a national survey from 1997
Resource Type: Article



511. State of New York's Homeless Youth, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This detailed report provides information on the homeless youth living in NYC. Issues it covers include: alternatives to incarceration, education, housing, HIV and AIDS, medical care, legal issues, substance abuse, and more
Resource Type: Article



512. State Of The Dream 2005: (external link)
Abstract: This second annual report points out that today’s Ownership Society disowns too many Americans along racial lines. This report also offers a range of federal strategies, the community empowerment programs needed to bring them to life, and the tax policies needed to fund them.
Resource Type: Article



513. State of the Nation's Housing 2005 (external link)
Abstract: House prices, residential investment, and home sales all set records again in 2004. But higher short-term interest rates and the strongest one-year price appreciation since 1979 made it more difficult for first-time buyers to break into the market. With low-wage jobs increasing and wages for those jobs stagnating, affordability problems will persist even as strong fundamentals lift the trajectory of residential investment.
Resource Type: Article



514. State Policies to Assist Working-Poor Families (external link)
Abstract: This report outlines a number of policy options that states could adopt to assist working poor families. The rationale for each option is followed by a brief discussion of key design issues and examples of states that have adopted these policies.
Resource Type: Article



515. State-by-State Number and Percent in Poverty, from the American Community Survey (external link)
Abstract: State-by-State Number and Percent in Poverty, from the American Community Survey
Resource Type: Chart



516. State-by-State Percent in Poverty, by Age, from the American Community Survey (external link)
Abstract: State-by-State Percent in Poverty, by Age, from the American Community Survey
Resource Type: Chart



517. State-by-State Rankings and Data on Indicators of Women's Economic Status by Race and Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Graph



518. Statistics Intro Game (internal link)



519. Statistics on Health Care in the US (external link)
Abstract: Website contains statistics and data about Medicare and Medicaid
Resource Type: Website



520. Steadily Rising: Increase Costs of College Tuition (internal link)
Abstract: A bar graph shoing the increase cost of college from 1980 to the present.
Resource Type: Graph



521. Stronger Links: New Ways to Connect Low-Skilled Workers to Better Jobs (external link)
Abstract: This report provides the stories and lessons learned from the most innovative programs to emerge from the Casey Foundation's Jobs Initiative.
Resource Type: Article



522. Student Debt: Bigger and Bigger (external link)
Abstract: This study explores the rising debt that young people are taking on to pay for college, and the implications for their future employment and lifestyle that having this burden will have on them. It also looks at differences in college-related debt between lower-income and high-income families.
Resource Type: Article



523. Student Debts, Stunted Lives (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the rising costs of college tuition and how increasing debt on graduates will have an effect on their future lives and families
Resource Type: Article



524. Study: Teacher-Designed Math Curriculum is Effective (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins… "A teacher-made math curriculum that stresses problem-solving and mixing high school students of different academic abilities in the same classes can lead to learning gains, a California study released last week suggests."
Resource Type: Article



525. Subprime Lending Maps (external link)
Abstract: A set of maps about Predatory and Subprime Loans around New York
Resource Type: Website



526. Summary Statistics for Changes in the Number of Black-Owned Businesses and their Recipients: 1997-2002 (external link)
Abstract: Data on black-owned businesses for all 50 states
Resource Type: Table/Chart



527. Summary Statistics for Changes in the Number of Hispanic-Owned Businessess and their Receipt 1997-2002 (external link)
Abstract: Data on Hispanic-owned businesses for all 50 states
Resource Type: Table/Chart



528. Summary Statistics for Changes in the Number of Women-Owned Businesses and their Recipients: 1997-2002 (external link)
Abstract: Data on women-owned businesses for all 50 states
Resource Type: Table/Chart



529. Survey of Latino Attitudes on the War in Iraq (external link)
Abstract: Attitudes towards the war in Iraq are more negative among Latinos than in the general population, according to a Pew Hispanic Center survey conducted as President George W. Bush began his second term. A slight majority of Hispanics (51%) think U.S. troops should be withdrawn from Iraq as soon as possible. Significantly fewer (37%) say that the United States should keep military troops in Iraq until the situation has stabilized.
Resource Type: Article



530. Survey of Retail Bank Services in NY (external link)
Abstract: In the fall of 2006, the NY State Banking Department surveyed 43 banks about services they offer to consumers, particularly related to the unbanked and immigrants, and their answers are summarized in this report.
Resource Type: Article



531. Surveys on Latino Experiences and Opinions (external link)
Abstract: The Pew Hispanic Center compiles data on Latinos in the US. This page contains several surveys about the experiences of Latinos in the US, focusing on issues such as their own immigration, economic conditions, social security, and immigration policy.
Resource Type: Website



532. Sweatshop & Globalization Films (external link)
Abstract: A list of documentary films about sweatshops, globalization, child/slave labor, and other related topics
Resource Type: Film, Website



533. Sweatshops vs. CEO Pay (internal link)
Abstract: A one-page flyer comparing the wages of Nike's CEO and a sweatshop laborer who makes Nike products
Resource Type: Article



534. Taking Stock: Housing, Homelessness, and Prisoner Reentry (external link)
Abstract: This report examines how those who have spent time in prison or jail fare in securing safe and affordable housing following their release and discusses housing programming and practice designed to assist them. First, the report discusses what is known about the barriers to housing for those returning from prisons and jails. Then, the report summarizes the proceedings from a one-day forum with experts in housing and corrections policy and practice. Last, the report highlights a number of promising housing programs available to returning prisoners and ex-offenders.
Resource Type: Article



535. Tax Cheats & Their Enablers (external link)
Abstract: A somewhat satirical look at individuals and companies that are some of our nations most egregious tax cheats, as well as the laws that enable their actions
Resource Type: Article



536. Taxes: What In The World Are You Paying For? (internal link)
Abstract: Students will explore this essential question: if taxes pay for publicly benefitial programs, then how are they also a cause of poverty? This lesson covers a brief history of income taxes, explores the difference between regressive and progressive taxation, and the increasing ability for corporations to avoid paying taxes. Students also learn about what portion of their taxes are distributed to each governmental agency (including over 30% for the military). 1 - 2 hours.
Resource Type: Curriculum



537. Teacher Pay Falls Behind that of other Workers Over Last Ten Years (external link)
Abstract: A look at the lag and slow growth in teachers salaries
Resource Type: Article



538. Teachers As Cultural Workers: Letters to Those Who Dare Teach (external link)
Abstract: No description available
Resource Type: Book



539. Teachers for Justice (external link)
Abstract: Teachers for Social Justice is an organization of teachers, administrators, pre-service teachers, and other educators working in public, independent, alternative, and charter schools and universities in the Chicago area. Website contains a curriculum database for educators interested in teaching about social justice
Resource Type: Website



540. Teaching About Stocks for Fun and Propaganda (internal link)
Abstract: This article provides an important critique of the way many schools teach students about the Stock Market, including the often used (and generally fun) Stock Market Games. It focuses on the downside of these games, specifically what they teach students about capitalism, consumerism, greed, etc.
Resource Type: Article



541. Teaching and Learning Mathematics for Social Justice in an Urban, Latino school (internal link)
Abstract: This article reports on a 2-year study about teaching a learning mathematics for social justice and about the role of an NCTM standards-based curriculum.
Resource Type: Article



542. Teaching Economics as if People Mattered (external link)
Abstract: Field-tested by a team of high school teachers, this innovative economics curriculum looks at the human implications of economic policies. These 21 lesson plans are designed to stimulate dialogue and encourage active student participation in the high school classroom. Also suitable for adult audiences and self study.
Resource Type: Book



543. Teaching for Change (external link)
Abstract: By drawing direct connections to ‘real world’ issues, Teaching for Change encourages teachers and students to question and re-think the world inside and outside their classrooms, build a more equitable, multicultural society, and become active global citizens. Website contains a catalog of resources for purchase, a bookstore, curriculum information about workshops, etc.
Resource Type: Website



544. Teaching Math and Social Justice: Multidimensionality and Responsibility (internal link)
Abstract: This paper draws from a larger longitudinal study that follows approximately 1000 students over four years in three California schools, and focuses on interactions among curriculum, teaching and learning which trying to understand how particular teaching approaches influence learning.
Resource Type: Article



545. Teaching Mathematics in a Multilingual (external link)
Abstract: Increasingly, teachers all over the world are grappling on a daily basis with the fact of multilingual classrooms. In this book, Jill Adler captures three inter-related dilemmas that lie at the heart of teaching mathematics in multilingual classrooms. Adler's identification and naming of the dilemma of code-switching, the dilemma of mediation, and the dilemma of transparency, arise from exploring the realities of actual classrooms, and are shaped by a perspective of teaching as a social practice.
Resource Type: Book



546. Tearing the City Down: Understanding Demolition Activity in Gentrifying Neighborhoods (internal link)
Abstract: This article uses fairly complex statistical analysis to look at the impact of demolition on a gentrifying neighborhood in Chicago, and looks at the probabilty that a building in such a neighborhood will be demolished and redeveloped.
Resource Type: Article



547. Telling the Truth with Fractions, Decimals and Percents: A High School Curriculum (internal link)
Abstract: This is a remedial curriculum for high school students on fractions, decimals and percents for a heterogeneous ninth grade classroom in an urban public school with a human rights theme. Included is a teacher’s manual with suggestions for implementation and adaptation of the curriculum, discussion topics for teachers and students about the curriculum, tests and quizzes and guides for using manipulatives.
Resource Type: Curriculum



548. Tessellations: Technology & Culture (external link)
Abstract: Java-enabled website that allows you create many different types of tesselations online. It also features links to other java-enabled art/math websites
Resource Type: Website



549. TEST (internal link)
Abstract: Blah Blah
Resource Type: Curriculum



550. The "Sad Story" of the Current Employment Picture: 4.2 million Jobs Below Normal (external link)
Abstract: A 2004 report on the loss of jobs during a 42-month recession
Resource Type: Article



551. The Accidental Landlord (internal link)
Abstract: An article about a Latino man in the Gentrifing neighborhood of Williamsburg, Brooklyn, who became a successful real-estate owner and developer.
Resource Type: Article



552. The Algebra Project (external link)
Abstract: he Algebra Project seeks to impact the struggle for citizenship and equality by assisting students in inner city and rural areas to achieve mathematics literacy. The website contains information about their programs, research, and related resources.
Resource Type: Website



553. The Atlas of Cancer Mortality 1950 - 1994: Maps and Graphs (external link)
Abstract: The Cancer Mortality Maps & Graph Web Site provides interactive maps, graphs, text, tables and figures showing geographic patterns and time trends of cancer death rates for the time period 1950-1994 for more than 40 cancers.
Resource Type: Map



554. The Benefits of the Boom (internal link)
Abstract: The article begins… "It seems counterintuitive, but the luxury real estate market is helping to build housing for low- and moderate-income people."
Resource Type: Article



555. The Big Payoff: Educational Attainment Synthetic Estimates of Work-Life Earnings (internal link)
Abstract: This report illustrates the economic value of a high school or college diploma. It also provides, by level of education, synthetic estimates of the average total earnings adults are likely to accumulate over the course of their working lives.
Resource Type: Article, Data



556. The Center for Health and Wellbeing (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Health and Wellbeing is an interdisciplinary unit within the Woodrow Wilson School, which seeks to foster research and teaching on the multiple aspects of health and wellbeing in both developed and developing countries. The website contains research and data on the health conditions of people including groups such as college students and the aged.
Resource Type: Website



557. The Center for Responsible Lending (external link)
Abstract: The Center for Responsible Lending is fighting to stop the financial abuses of Predatory Lending through legislative and policy advocacy, coalition-building, litigation, and industry research. The website contains policy papers, lots of data about this pervasive industry, and much more.
Resource Type: Website



558. The Characteristics of Small-Business Employees (external link)
Abstract: A summary article on data gained from the CPS about small businesses, including data based on education, race, origin, age, etc
Resource Type: Article



559. The Child Poverty Situation (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



560. The Color of Wealth: The Story Behind the Racial Wealth Divide (external link)
Abstract: Why does the median family of color have less than a dime for every white dollar? The Color of Wealth exposes how people of color have been barred from government wealth-building programs benefiting white Americans. This uniquely multicultural economic history covers the asset-building stories of Native Americans, Latinos, African Americans, Asian Americans, and European Americans.
Resource Type: Book



561. The Condition of Education 2004 - Degrees Earned by Women (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the data on women in college, this short article looks at both graduation rates and degrees attained by women in both the present as well as looking back as far as 1970
Resource Type: Article



562. The Condition of Education 2005 - Employment Outcomes of Young Adults by Race/Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: Young adults with a Bachelor's Degree are less likey to be unemployed than their peers with less education, although there are differences between people of different races. This article looks at the relationship between educational attainment and employment status in general, as well as in racial categories.
Resource Type: Article



563. The Condition of Education 2005 - Status Dropout Rates by Family Income (1972-2001) (external link)
Abstract: This article looks at the relationship between drop-out rates and family income for students in the US
Resource Type: Article



564. The Condition of Education 2005 - Status Dropout Rates by Race/Ethnicity (external link)
Abstract: Since 1972, dropout rates for kids age 16-24 have declined. Nonetheless, rates for Hispanics remain higher than for other groups, and rates for kids of color remain higher than that for White students. This report summarizes data about dropout rates in the US in 2005.
Resource Type: Article



565. The Condition of Education in 2005 - Educational Attainment (external link)
Abstract: The percent of 25 - 29 year-olds who have completed some level of schooling has increased since the 1970s, but racial and ethnic differences in educational attainment remain. This article looks at the data and analyzes these trends.
Resource Type: Article



566. The Condition of Education, 2005 - Persistance and Attainment of Students with Pell Grants (external link)
Abstract: A summary of the data on persistance and attainment at college of students who receive Pell Grants. The article also contains a summary of data on how many Pell Grants are given, and how much is spent on this program.
Resource Type: Article



567. The Cost of War in Iraq: How Does it Affect My Community? (internal link)
Abstract: This series of lessons has students look at the cost of the War in Iraq and has them look at how this has had a financial impact on them and their communities. Students also come up with alternative models for the money spent on the war that would positively affect their communities.
Resource Type: Curriculum



568. The Crest of the Peacock (external link)
Abstract: From the Ishango Bone of central Africa and the Inca quipu of South America to the dawn of modern mathematics, The Crest of the Peacock makes it clear that human beings everywhere have been capable of advanced and innovative mathematical thinking. George Gheverghese Joseph takes us on a breathtaking multicultural tour of the roots and shoots of non-European mathematics.
Resource Type: Book



569. The E.F. Schumacher Society (external link)
Abstract: The society runs programs that demonstrate that both social and environmental sustainability can be achieved by applying the values of human-scale communities and respect for the natural environment to economic issues. They work to link people, land and communities by building local economies. Website contains information about their work, resources, links, etc.
Resource Type: Website



570. The Earned Income Tax Credit: Boosting Employment, Aiding the Working Poor (external link)
Abstract: A summary on the benefits of the Earned Income Tax Credit, including specific data on the impact that it has had for poor Americans
Resource Type: Article



571. The Economics of Juvenile Jurisdiction: Estimating the Costs and Benefits of the Juvenile Justice System (external link)
Abstract: Debates about handling young offenders often focuses on moral and legal principles. This article explores the feasibility of adding an economic perspective to this debate.
Resource Type: Article



572. The Education Trust (external link)
Abstract: The Education Trust provides advocacy, analysis, research, data, and assistance to close the achievement gaps that separate low-income students and students of color. The Education Trust also has three interactive data tools, Education Watch Online, Dispelling the Myth Online, and College Results Online.
Resource Type: Website



573. The Effects of Male Incarceration Dynamics on AIDS Infection Rates among African-American Women and Men (external link)
Abstract: In this paper, the author investigates the potential connection between incarceration dynamics and AIDS infection rates with a particular emphasis on the black-white AIDS rate disparity.
Resource Type: Article



574. The Effects of the 2005 Minimum Wage Increase in NY (external link)
Abstract: A brief analysis of the impact that raising the Minimum Wage has had on New York, including job development and unemployment.
Resource Type: Article



575. The EITC Outreach Kit (external link)
Abstract: This website contains lots of useful information about the EITC and how to help people learn about and file for this important tax credit.
Resource Type: Website



576. The Equity Equation: Fostering the Advancement of Women in the Sciences, Mathematics, and Engineering (external link)
Abstract: The Equity Equation presents to findings and recommandations of the foremost experts on research and practice concerning women in science, engineering, and mathematics. It addresses issues facing women in the scientific disciplines, including: involvement in education and careers as it relates to diversity, along lies of race, class, sexual orientation, physical and learning disability, and age; institutional attitudes; barriers to success at the career stage, and more.
Resource Type: Book



577. The Facts About Marketing To Children (internal link)
Abstract: Background information and data about marketing to children, including how much companies spend, tactics they use, and the effects all this has on our youth.
Resource Type: Article



578. The Fall (and Rise) of Public Housing (external link)
Abstract: The authors argue in this paper that the reengineering of failed inner city public housing projects that is underway is one of the most important and positive developments in urban America in many years.
Resource Type: Article



579. The Field Guide to the Global Economy (external link)
Abstract: An eye-opening, at-a-glance guide to the myths and realities of the international economy. Highly illustrated with charts, graphs, and political cartoons, The Field Guide to the Global Economy makes the international economy comprehensible for everyone and reveals the harmful effects of corporate-driven globalization.
Resource Type: Book



580. The Financial Returns to Low-Income Homeownership (external link)
Abstract: This paper presents focuses on two central questions: what are the most important reasons why so many low income households do not hold a checking or savings account? Second, to what extent do households with bank accounts also participate in the fringe financial sector, and in what ways are unbanked households connected to the mainstream financial sector?
Resource Type: Article



581. The Gay and Lesbian Atlas (external link)
Abstract: Drawing on the most recent data from the U.S. Census, this groundbreaking work offers a detailed geographic and demographic portrait of gay and lesbian families in all 50 states plus the top 25 U.S. metropolitan areas. These results, presented in more than 250 full-color maps and charts, will both confirm and challenge anecdotal information about the spatial distribution and demographic characteristics of this community.
Resource Type: Book



582. The Gender Wage Gap is Real (external link)
Abstract: A brief analysis documenting the real and pervasive nature of a gender wage gap in the US
Resource Type: Article



583. The Growing Divide: Inequality and the Roots of Economic Insecurity (external link)
Abstract: This curriculum is useful to help students understand the growing gaps between people in the US along income lines, examining both the causes and consquences of this problem.
Resource Type: Curriculum



584. The Health of Immigrants in NY (external link)
Abstract: This detailed report summarizes data about the health of immigrants in NY. It looks at several specific health areas such as access to medical care, smoking, diabetes, and HIV/AIDS rates.
Resource Type: Article



585. The High Cost of Being Poor: Another Perspective on Helping Low-Income Families Get By and Get Ahead (external link)
Abstract: The following pages examines the issue —The High Cost of Being Poor—in greater depth and highlight how states and communities are implementing numerous programs to address the problem.
Resource Type: Article



586. The Human Development Index (external link)
Abstract: Published by the United Nations, this country-by-country index compares many factos including life expectancy, literacy, GDP, education, poverty, and much more.
Resource Type: Data



587. The Impact of Community Development Corporations on Urban Neighborhoods (external link)
Abstract: Supporters of urban revitalization have relied on community development corporations (CDCs) to carry a major share of the front-line burden. This research presents new evidence that these community-controlled, market-responsive organizations can indeed spark a chain reaction of investment. Advanced econometric analysis shows that CDC residential and commercial investments have led to increases in property values--the single-best measure of neighborhood improvement--as great as 69 percent higher than they would have been otherwise. To achieve these results, CDCs did more than just develop projects; they also brought business people, civic organizations, and public agencies into the neighborhood improvement process.
Resource Type: Article



588. The Impact of Gentrification on Voter Turnout (internal link)
Abstract: The goal of this article is to explore the impact of gentrification on political participation. Controlling for relevant individual and contextual factors, the authors find that gentrification decreases turnout among longstanding residents.
Resource Type: Article



589. The Importance of Housing to the Accumulation of Household Net Worth (external link)
Abstract: This paper we examine the effect of homeownership and housing wealth on the accumulation of household net wealth from multiple perspectives.
Resource Type: Article



590. The Importance of Social Security to the Hispanic Community (external link)
Abstract: This analysis looks at the economic and demographic characteristics that lead Hispanics to benefit disproportionately from taxes paid into the Social Security system.
Resource Type: Article



591. The Korb Report: A Realistic Defense of America (external link)
Abstract: This profile provides information on the performance of small businesses in NY state
Resource Type: Article



592. The Lottery and Income Inequality in the States (internal link)
Abstract: This article finds that state lotteries foster income concentration, and that states with lotteries have higher levels of income inequality than those states that don’t have a lottery.
Resource Type: Article



593. The Mayan Astronomy Page (external link)
Abstract: This site contains brief but useful information on Mayan Astronomy and Mathematics, including a simulator where you can type in a number and it generates the Mayan symbol for it
Resource Type: Website



594. The Mediator (internal link)
Abstract: A 1-day lesson that asks students to mediate a salary dispute between a Union and their bosses. They are presented with a chart of salaries for people in different positions, and two opposing viewpoints of how to find the 'average' salary. Then they have to determine which average they feel is most accurate, and defend their position.
Resource Type: Curriculum



595. The MegaPenny Project (external link)
Abstract: Have you ever struggled to teach students about big numbers? What does a million really look like? How about a billion? This fun and simple website is great for talking about small and very large numbers.
Resource Type: Website



596. The Minimum Wage and EITC: Partners in Making Work Pay (external link)
Abstract: A brief piece looking at how the EITC and the minimum wage, in tandem, can make a significant difference in the economic status of poor people
Resource Type: Article



597. The National Data Book, 2007 (external link)
Abstract: The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States.
Resource Type: Data



598. The New Demography of America's Schools: Immigration and the NCLB (external link)
Abstract: The demographics of US schools are changing rapidly as a result of immigration, which are occuring alongside implementation of the NCLB. This report explores how immigration is changing the profile of our student population during this era of reform.
Resource Type: Article



599. The New Math on Graduation Rates (external link)
Abstract: As it turns out, the national graduation rate is not the widely broadcast 85 percent. In our public schools, the correct figure is much closer to 68 percent. When nearly one- third of all students are failing to graduate, it's time to recheck the arithmetic. This editorial explores these issues.
Resource Type: Article



600. The New Neighbors: A User's Guide to Data on Immigrants in U.S. Communities (external link)
Abstract: This guidebook is designed to help local policy makers, program implementers, and advocates use U.S. Census and other data sources to identify immigrant populations in their local communities—their characteristics, their contributions, and their needs.
Resource Type: Article



601. The Number of Bachelors Degrees Earned by Women, by Field of Study (internal link)
Abstract: A chart on bachelors degrees earned by women in various fields (ie. Business, visual arts, engineering, etc) in 1970, 1984, and 2001.
Resource Type: Chart



602. The Number of Uninsured Americans Continued to Rise in 2004 (external link)
Abstract: Based on new census data, this short study summarizes key findings about Americans without health insurance
Resource Type: Article



603. The Odds of Winning at Powerball (external link)
Abstract: How hard is it to win the lottery? How do mathematicians determine the odds for winning? This site explains how to calculate the odds for a game of Powerball.
Resource Type: Website



604. The Political Economy of Gender, Race, and Class (external link)
Abstract: This course offers an introduction to political economy or radical economics, an alternative to the textbook, neoclassical way of looking at the capitalist or market economy. “Radical economics” or “political economy” describe a diverse strain of economic theorizing that has existed since the nineteenth century. Rooted in the theories of Karl Marx, Thornstein Veblen, and others, and focussed at first predominantly on an analysis and critique of class dynamics, it was transformed in the second half of the twentieth century by anti-racist, anti-colonial, feminist, lesbian/gay, and ecological movement.
Resource Type: Syllabus



605. The Political Economy Research Institute (external link)
Abstract: The PERI provides research and data on issues related to the political economy, including Living Wage policies, Sweatshop Labor, Toxic Waste, etc.
Resource Type: Website



606. The Politics of Education : Culture, Power and Liberation (external link)
Abstract: Constitutes the voice of a great teacher who has managed to replace the melancholic and despairing discourse of the post-modern Left with possibility and human compassion. –Educational Theory
Resource Type: Book



607. The Power and Potential of the EITC in 27 Cities (external link)
Abstract: This study looks at the effect that the EITC has had on different communities throughout the U.S. in terms of helping poor people. It focuses on these different areas as well as different types of jobs, family structures, etc. Also includes great maps of each region.
Resource Type: Article



608. The Race of Baseball All-Stars (internal link)
Abstract: In this unit, students will examine baseball statistics and decide whether race played a part in All-Star Voting. They will use graphs and data analysis to model real world problems, and will use logic and deductive reasoning to draw conclusions from their data.
Resource Type: Curriculum



609. The Reality Behind Debt In America: Findings from a National Household Survey of Credit Debt Among Low and Middle-Income America (external link)
Abstract: This survey of 1,150 individuals represent 41 million people in the U.S. It presents key findings about the debt in this country, including average size, length of time in debt, causes and consequences, and other information sorted by various demographic perameters.
Resource Type: Article



610. The Rental Housing Affordability Gap: 2001 to 2003 (external link)
Abstract: This report compares the number of housing units available for low-income families (6 million) with the number of low-income families (7.7 million) and both the reasons for and implications of this discrepency
Resource Type: Article



611. The Secret History of the Credit Card (external link)
Abstract: In "Secret History of the Credit Card," FRONTLINE and The New York Times join forces to investigate an industry few Americans fully understand. The website contains the documentary, data, and other information about credit cards.
Resource Type: Website



612. The Self Sufficiency Standard for the City of New York 2004 (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at how much an individual, especially women, need to survive in NYC. It also looks at wages needed for self-sufficiency in different boroughs, and for women in different economic and family situations.
Resource Type: Article



613. The Sentencing Project (external link)
Abstract: promotes reduced reliance on incarceration and increased use of more effective and humane alternatives to deal with crime. It is a nationally recognized source of criminal justice policy analysis, data, and program information. Its reports, publications, and staff are relied upon by the public, policymakers and the media.
Resource Type: Website



614. The Size and Characteristics of the Unauthorized Migrant Population in the U.S. (external link)
Abstract: Based on the March 2005 Current Population Survey, this report examines the demographic patterns and social, economic, and political impact that this group of nearly 12 million people is having on the US



615. The State of New York's Housing and Neighborhoods (external link)
Abstract: This independent report looks at the situation with housing in NYC, looking at issues including rent increases, property values, gentrification, low-income housing, etc., in the five borough
Resource Type: Article



616. The State of Working America (external link)
Abstract: "If you want to know what happened to the economic well-being of the average American in the past decade or so, this is the book for you. It should be required reading for Americans of all political persuasions." —Richard Freeman, Harvard University
Resource Type: Book



617. The Statistics Teacher Network (internal link)
Abstract: Published by the American Statistical Association, this paper outlines a sequence of activities for an introductory Statistics course. It includes activities, overall goals for a course, and links to other useful resources.
Resource Type: Curriculum



618. The Status of Women in the States: Women's Economic Status in the States - Wide Disparities by Race, Ethnicity and Region (external link)
Abstract: The findings in this report provide an overview of women's status to assess the progress women have made and remaining obstacles to their economic quality and well-being across the country
Resource Type: Article



619. The Telephone Justice Website (external link)
Abstract: This is the website for a campaign in New York City to fight against the telephone companies that charge extremely high rates for inmates to use prison telephones. The site contains an overview of the issue, as well as other useful data and links to other sites.
Resource Type: Website



620. The Triumph of Hope Over Self Interest (internal link)
Abstract: This fascinating article explores the disparity between what people's economic situations really are and how they see themselves. It focuses largely around surveys done in 2004 where people of different economic backgrounds were asked questions about where they saw themselves compared to other Americans, and how far off most of them turned out to be.
Resource Type: Article



621. The U.S. National Debt Clock (external link)
Abstract: This clock keeps track of the U.S. National Debt, and contains links to other websites that look at our National Debt and the impact this has on Americans.
Resource Type: Data



622. The Unheard Third 2005: Bringing the Voices of Low-Income New Yorkers to the Policy Debate (external link)
Abstract: A great series of graphs and data highlights from a survey of low-income New Yorkers about what their lives are like.
Resource Type: Article



623. The Uninsured Healthcare Crisis in America (external link)
Abstract: This paper explores the problem where although the US spends more on healthcare than any other nation in the world, we still have millions of people without it
Resource Type: Article



624. The Urban Institute (external link)
Abstract: The Urban Institute is a nonpartisan economic and social policy research organization. The website contains reports, fact sheets, and a useful search engine for exploring the vast amounts of information on their site.
Resource Type: Website



625. The US Census Bureau "Hurricane Data and Emergency Preparedness" Website (external link)
Abstract: The official website from the US Census, this page contains data, reports, maps, and a lot more "official" information about Hurricane's Katrina, Rita, and Wilma, and the people and places they affected.
Resource Type: Website



626. The Use of Citizen Surveys as a Tool For Police Reform (external link)
Abstract: Citizen surveys, long used by researchers to test hypotheses about police-citizen interactions, have recently be deployed as a tool for promoting police reform. This paper examines the citizen survey's potential role in creating more accountable and effective police forces, drawing on examples from Chicago, Illinois; Queens, New York; and St. Petersburg, Russia.
Resource Type: Article



627. The Water Atlast: A Unique Visual Analysis of the World's Most Critical Resource (external link)
Abstract: With a range of maps of startling clarity and richness of detail, The Water Atlas brings together the latest findings to show water distribution worldwide, the real cost of use in water-rich countries, and the dangers of a future where privatization and profit dictate availability.
Resource Type: Book



628. The Weak Effect of Imprisonment on Crime: 1971 - 1998 (internal link)
Abstract: This article studies the impact of increasing incarceration rates on crime rates. It finds that imprisonment rates are not significantly related to crime in the majority of states for the seven crimes studied.
Resource Type: Article



629. The Wealth Inequality Reader (external link)
Abstract: Twenty-five substantive, readable essays explore the hidden vector of wealth inequality: its causes, consequences, and strategies for change. Plus: an illustrated overview offers the latest statistics on wealth inequality in a series of one-page snapshots. The essential reader on wealth inequality, this book is a must-have for both the activist and the scholar.
Resource Type: Book



630. The Working Poor (external link)
Abstract: In The Working Poor, David Shipler examines the lives and societal forces surrounding those Americans who still live in poverty despite working full time. While many are mired in these conditions by their own poor choices, many are forced to this level by events they cannot control. Shipler combines both the larger arena of poverty in America with individual stories of those who will never make it out and those who manage to succeed.
Resource Type: Book



631. To Bank or Not To Bank? A Survey of Low-Income Households (external link)
Abstract: This paper looks at low-income homeownership compared to renting since 1983 in four metropolitan areas under a range of mortgage interest rate, refinance, and tax scenarios.
Resource Type: Article



632. Tobacco and Smoking Information on Youth (external link)
Abstract: This website contains links to articles, fact sheets, reports, and other websites that contain up-to-date information on the current situation and trends in teen smoking.
Resource Type: Website



633. TODOS: Math For All (external link)
Abstract: The mission of TODOS is to advocate for an equitable and high-quality mathematics education for all students, in particular Latino/Hispanic students, by advancing the professional growth and equity awarenes of educators. Website contains information about the organization, data on Latinos, and other related resources.
Resource Type: Website



634. Toll of Tobacco in the United States (external link)
Abstract: A brief fact sheet about smoking in the United States with a focus on teens
Resource Type: Article



635. Too Much Month and the End of the Paycheck (external link)
Abstract: This photo essay documents people who have suffered as a result of payday loans. It also contains important facts and data on this serious issue.
Resource Type: Article



636. Total Expenditures per Student by School District in NY, 1997 (external link)
Abstract: This map highlights the disparities in school funding between urban and suburban districts in the NY region.
Resource Type: Map



637. Trends in the Education of Hispanics (external link)
Abstract: This report examines the current situation and recent trends in the Education of Hispanics in the United States.
Resource Type: Article



638. Trends in U.S. Correctional Populations (external link)
Abstract: Data and charts over the past 10 - 15 years on the U.S. Correctional populations. Data is sorted by race, type of incarceration, gender, etc.
Resource Type: Data



639. Two Different Kinds of Math, and Two Spins on Unemployment (internal link)
Abstract: During the 2005 Mayoral race in NY, Michael Bloomberg and Fernando Ferrer used the same information to come to two very different conclusions about the state of unemployment in the city. This article looks at how they could have come to such different conclusions, and what math was used by each candidate.
Resource Type: Article



640. Two New 2006 Tax Cuts Benefits Only Wealthiest Few (external link)
Abstract: A short summary of the beneift that Bush's tax cuts have on wealthy Americans
Resource Type: Article



641. U.S. Deparment of Labor, Employment Projections (external link)
Abstract: The Office of Occupational Statistics and Employment Projections develops information about the labor market for the Nation as a whole for 10 years in the future. Huge amounts of downloadable data sets.
Resource Type: Website



642. Ultimate Field Guide to the U.S. Economy: A Compact and Irreverent Guide to Economic Life in America (external link)
Resource Type: Book



643. Understanding Large Numbers (external link)
Abstract: An article about how to explore number concepts, including very large numbers, within a social justice context
Resource Type: Article



644. Understanding Military Recruitment in New York (internal link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



645. Understanding Poverty and Economic Opportunity in the US (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



646. Understanding Predatory Lending: Moving Towards a Common Definition and Workable Solutions (external link)
Abstract: The paper sets forth three potential regulatory and legislative solutions that may address the issue of predatory lending.
Resource Type: Article



647. Understanding the Politics of Mathematical Knowledge as an Integral part of Becoming Critically Numerate (external link)
Abstract: This talk focuses on the politics of mathematical knowledge as an integral part of criticalmathematical literacy: understanding that political struggles/ choices are concealed in supposedly neutral statistical descriptions of our world; understanding how numerical data can explode the myths about the institutional structure of our society; and, understanding the limitations of the knowledge we gain from mathematical analyses of our world.
Resource Type: Article



648. Undocumented Immigrants: Data at a Glance (external link)
Abstract: There are over 10 million undocumented immigrants in the United States by the latest estimates. Over 90 percent of undocumented immigrant men work, and most pay payroll as well as consumption taxes. Two thirds of the children of undocumented immigrants are U.S.-born citizens. This piece uses fact-based evidence to dispel common myths about this controversial population.
Resource Type: Article



649. Unemployment and Joblessness in NY City, 2005 (external link)
Abstract: This article examines the other side of decreasing unemployment in NY - particularly what groups are still struggling and experiencing joblessness and poverty.
Resource Type: Article



650. Unemployment Rate Debate: Assignment (internal link)
Abstract: This assignment is intended to help students understand how averages can be skewed in many directions. Students are given an organization to represent, several sets of data on unemployment rates, and have to debate each other about what unemployment rate they think is most accurate.
Resource Type: Curriculum



651. Unemployment Rate Debate: Data (internal link)
Abstract: This is the data for the Unemployment Rate Debate
Resource Type: Curriculum



652. Unhappy Anniversary: Federal Minimum Wage Remains Unchanged for Eighth Straight Year, Falls to 56-Year Low Relative to the Avera (external link)
Abstract: This paper discusses the problem of the minimum wage staying the same while inflation continues to grow and the implications this has for poor people
Resource Type: Article



653. Uninsured Americans with Chronic Health Conditions: Key Findings from the National Health Interview Survey (external link)
Abstract: This study examines how uninsured adults with chronic health problems are faring. The analysis is based on the 2003 National Health Interview Survey, relying on self-reports of chronic health conditions. Almost half of uninsured adults with chronic conditions forgo needed medical care or prescription drugs due to cost and that they forgo care at much higher rates than their insured counterparts. Serious identifiable gaps in needed medical care were found for every racial, ethnic, and chronic illness subgroup examined.
Resource Type: Article



654. Union for Radical Political Economics (external link)
Abstract: The URPE website contains information about the organization, as well as an extensive collection of tools for economic justice advocates including papers, fact sheets, a newsletter, journal archives, links, and more.
Resource Type: Website



655. United Domestic Workers of America (external link)
Abstract: The national union for domestic workers, the site contains information about their campaign, articles and research, useful links, and more.
Resource Type: Website



656. United for a Fair Economy (external link)
Abstract: UFE raises awareness that concentrated wealth and power undermine the economy, corrupt democracy, deepen the racial divide, and tear communities apart. The website contains reports, fact sheets, cartoons, games, and a library on information on economic and racial inequities in our society.
Resource Type: Website



657. United Nations Statistics Division (external link)
Abstract: This website contains statistical databases and publications on demographics and social characteristics on most countries around the world. Some areas of classification include: economics, environmental and energy, poverty, migration, mortality, population, density, and urbanization.
Resource Type: Website



658. Updated Data on Race, Hispanic Origin by State (external link)
Abstract: Newest census data on race, hispanic origin by State (2005)
Resource Type: Data



659. Upward Mobility Through Sport? The myths and realities (external link)
Abstract: Breaks down the unliklihood of becoming a professional athelete
Resource Type: Article



660. Urban Students Tackle Research on Inequality (external link)
Abstract: A student-written article from Rethinking Schools about the lack of funding for education and the disproportionate access to resources for students in NYC public schools
Resource Type: Article



661. US Census Bureau (external link)
Abstract: The official government website for the US Census. It contains current and historical information on the US Population and current demographic trends, sortable by a variety of perameters including race, age, geographic location, nation or origin, job, economic status, etc.
Resource Type: Website



662. US Census Bureau: 2004 Population Reports (external link)
Abstract: A list of publications from the US Census Bureau about national population statistics, including a count of current estimates of tehe number of inhabitants by state, city, county, etc., as well as nationwide. It also looks a wide variety of information on social and economic characteristics of the population such as ethnicity, income, housing, etc.
Resource Type: Article



663. US Census Bureau: Poverty Page (external link)
Abstract: This is the main page for data from the US Census on poverty in the U.S. It contains information about the poverty line, publications on poverty among different demographic groups, maps, data sets, and much more.
Resource Type: Website



664. US Military Spending (external link)
Abstract: Charts and graphs highlighting US Military spending from 1940 - 2003, including comparisons to other US spending and compared to the US GDP
Resource Type: Graph



665. US Pledges to Boost Minority Contracts (internal link)
Abstract: This article came out a few weeks after Hurricane Katrina struck, and detailed the Bush administration's plans to give out more Federal contracts to minority-owned businesses after it was discovered that they were not giving out enough.
Resource Type: Article



666. US Social Statistics Briefing Room: Education (external link)
Abstract: This official government site contains publications, data, and other useful information about the status of educational achievment in the US
Resource Type: Website



667. US-Europe Discord Rocks the Shared Economic Boat (internal link)
Abstract: This article explores the financial relationship between the US and Europe in terms of international trade with one another, as well as their economic relations with other countries. The article also discusses how US policy has changed based on other nations' response to the Iraq War.
Resource Type: Article



668. US-Mexico Migration (external link)
Abstract: This special website created by the Migration Information Center explores the history of Mexican migration to the US. It includes data, articles, and information related to the labor force, voting, immigration policy, etc.
Resource Type: Website



669. Using Census BITS to Explore Entreprenuership, Geography, and Economic Growth (external link)
Abstract: Detailed analysis that summarizes findings on all industries, distinguishes between establishments and firms, identifies start-ups of both new firms and new secondary locations of old firms, and specifies the location, industry, and changing employment of each establishment through time.
Resource Type: Article



670. Voices from the Empowerment Zones: Insights about Launching Large-Scale Community Revitilization Initiatives (external link)
Abstract: This report looks at the work done by Empowerment Zones, including where they have been successful and what their key challenges have been in providing employment for low income workers.
Resource Type: Article



671. Voting and Registration in the Election of November 2000 (external link)
Abstract: Detailed information about key trends in voter registration and habits about voters of different race, class, gender, and geographic location, based on the 2000 census
Resource Type: Article



672. Wal-Mart Memo Suggests Ways to Cut Employee Benefit Costs (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



673. War & the Economy: Too Many Guns, Not Enough Butter (external link)
Abstract: This workshop is designed to help students develop an understanding of the size of the US military and military spending
Resource Type: Curriculum



674. War & the Economy: Too Many Guns, Not Enough Butter (Trainers Guide) (external link)
Resource Type: Curriculum



675. Washing Away the Veil: Katrina and the Racial Wealth Divide (external link)
Abstract: Explores the racial wealth divide that is so prevalant in our country, which isn't new, but was at least brought back into public discourse by Hurricane Katrina.
Resource Type: Article



676. We The People: Asians in the United States (external link)
Abstract: This report provides a portrait of the Asian and Asian-American population in the US. It presents several demographic, social, and economic characteristics gather from the 2000 census.
Resource Type: Article



677. We The People: Hispanics in the United States (external link)
Abstract: This report provides a portrait of the Hispanic-origin population in the US. It presents several demographic, social, and economic characteristics gather from the 2000 census.
Resource Type: Article



678. Weaknesses of Unemployment Statistics (internal link)
Resource Type: Article



679. What's a Youngster to Do? The Education and Labor Market Plight of Youth in High-Poverty Communities (external link)
Abstract: Statistics show that many young adults in economically distressed communities are being left behind in educational systems and in the job market. This article highlights the magnitude of distress in selected communities.
Resource Type: Article



680. When "Free" Means Losing Your Mother: The Collision of Child Welfare and the Incarceration of Women in New York State (external link)
Abstract: This report explores the connection between a dysfunctional, poorly funded welfare system and the rise of women in prison. It also looks into the experience of these women as they try to maintain a connection to their children.
Resource Type: Article



681. When Even Mathematicians Don’t Understand the Math (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at how within the field of mathematics, there are math problems and situations that are so complex that most mathematicians cant even understand them. Therefore, given this reality, the article looks at what kinds of math people are studying and working on, and which of these members of the general public can relate to.
Resource Type: Article



682. When Learning No Longer Matters: Standardized Testing and the Creation of Inequality (external link)
Abstract: This article considers the inequities that are created by standardized tests. It is argued that the standardized test upon which this judgment was based, and similar tests used throughout the country, stack the deck against language learners, and students from minority ethnic and cultural groups and low-income homes.
Resource Type: Article



683. When Smoking is a Matter of Money (internal link)
Abstract: This article looks at how an increase in the cost of cigarettes has decreased the number of teens who [can afford to] smoke. It also contains general information about teen smoking habits in the US
Resource Type: Article



684. Where Do Your Tax Dollars Go? (external link)
Abstract: his publication shows how the average household's tax dollars are spent for every state and 193 cities, towns and counties.
Resource Type: Website



685. Which Way Social Justice in Mathematics Education? (external link)
Abstract: This contributed volume explores equity and social justice within the field of mathematics education. For example, in a chapter on Peru, social justice does not just encompass gender, but also inequalities in opportunities to learn, such as problems of resources, living and social conditions, communal demands and language needs.
Resource Type: Book



686. Who Are Low-Income Working Families? (external link)
Abstract: Over the past decade, national policy has emphasized the centrality of parental work in strategies to support low-income families. This emphasis is exemplified by the fact that the earned income tax credit (EITC), the nation's largest cash assistance program for low-income families, is available only to those who are working. It is natural to ask, therefore, who working low-income families are and how they are faring. This paper addresses these questions.
Resource Type: Article



687. Who Does the Lottery Benefit? (internal link)
Abstract: The goal of this lesson is that students consider some of the arguments against the lottery and how it functions as a regressive tax. The mathematics involved include combinations, permutations, and probability.
Resource Type: Curriculum



688. Who Gets the Child Tax Credit (external link)
Abstract: A 5-page summary of the current statistics on the Child-Tax Credit. It also looks at the economic impact on poor families from this credit.
Resource Type: Article



689. Who Hurts? (internal link)
Abstract: An article about gentrification in Brooklyn, NY, looking at various neighborhoods, people, and small businesses and how they have been affected by the recent changes.
Resource Type: Article



690. Who Serves? A Comparison of Demographics Between the Military and General Population (internal link)
Abstract: This series of lessons explores possible disparities between the general population and the military, especially among military recruits. Students compare data and statistics on both populations and use various algebraic and statistical methods to compare the two groups.
Resource Type: Curriculum



691. Who's Being Left Behind? Exploring the Racial Achievement Gap on Standardized Tests (internal link)
Abstract: In this unit, students will consider commonly reported standardized test statistics and think about some of the institutional causes of these problems. Math covered includes topics from Algebra I and II, Advanced Functions, and Modeling.
Resource Type: Curriculum



692. Who's poor? Don't ask the Census Bureau (external link)
Abstract: A critique of the methodology used to measure poverty which argues that in fact many more people are poor than our current method shows
Resource Type: Article



693. Wider Opportunities for Women (external link)
Abstract: WOW works nationally and in Washington DC to build pathways to economic independence for America's families, women, and girls. Their website contains position papers, fact sheets, maps, and detailed policy analysis that promote their mission described above.
Resource Type: Website



694. With Math, It's Like You Have More Defense': Students use Math to Investigate and Affect Overcrowding at Their School (external link)
Abstract: An article from Rethinking Schools about using math to explore overcrowding in an urban school.
Resource Type: Article



695. Women in Mathematics (external link)
Abstract: WME's general purpose is to promote the mathematican education of girls and women. Their website contains descriptions about and links to other key organizations promoting equity in math and science and that celebrate women in these fields.
Resource Type: Website



696. Women's Work and Women's Wages: Works That is Never Done (external link)
Abstract: Facts, figures, and analysis about the historical as well as contemporary income gap between men and women
Resource Type: Article



697. Womens Economic Status in NY (external link)
Abstract: From the Institute for Women's Policy Research comes a series of maps of the United States that visually represent the economic status of women based on 2002 data
Resource Type: Table/Chart



698. Work Experience of Poor Persons (external link)
Abstract: Work Experience of Poor Persons
Resource Type: Chart



699. Work4Women (external link)
Abstract: Work for women provides tools, strategies, and a virtual community to help increase women and girls' integration and retention in high-wage jobs that are considered nontraditional for women.
Resource Type: Website



700. Working Hard, Falling Short (external link)
Abstract: The Working Poor Families Project examines both the conditions of low-income working families with children and public policies that can help improve their lives. This report builds on that work and takes a broader look at low-income working families across the nation and key facets of an economic and public system that affect their ability to achieve economic security.
Resource Type: Article



701. Working to Make Ends Meet: Understanding the Income and Expenses of America's Low-Income Families (external link)
Abstract: This report clarifies the discussion and debate over what constitutes a low-income working family, documents the size and characteristics of low-income working population, and examines their incomes and expenditures. Using data from the 2002 round of the National Survey of America's Families (NSAF), we find that low-income families (income below twice the federal poverty line) with at least one full-time, full-year worker have incomes that are roughly in line with their basic expenses thanks to their work effort, earned income, and a generous refundable Earned Income Tax Credit; however, low-income families without a full-time, full-year worker do not appear to have enough income to cover their basic expenses.
Resource Type: Article



702. World Health Organization - Global Health Atlas (external link)
Abstract: Use this website to obtain an enormous amount of health data (diseases, malnutrition, etc) about any country in the world in both present day and ranging back many years. This site also contains reports and interactive maps about global health issues.
Resource Type: Website



703. Young College Graduates Face a Weak Job Market (external link)
Abstract: An economic snapshot that looks at the decline of real wages and available jobs for college graduates from 1979 through 2005
Resource Type: Article



704. Zoned for Slavery (external link)
Abstract: Meet the children who work in the sweatshops of Central America. See the armed guards at the factory's gate. Talk to them about the deplorable conditions: low wages, forced birth control, work quotas, long hours and compulsory overtime, denial of education.
Resource Type: Film




Copyright © 2007 RadicalMath
  

How-To Guide
The "Guide for Integrating Issues of Social and Economic Justice into Mathematics Classrooms and Curriculum" has been updated. Download.

K. Wayne Yang
2007 Panelist
Assistant Professor of Ethnic Studies
UCSD
Co-Founder
East Oakland Community High School